Caddoes, Or Cadodaqnios, a tribe of Indians on one of the branches of the Red river. They were first visited in 1687 by Jontel and the other survivors of La Salle's fated Texas colony. Spanish writers made them part of the confederacy known as the Texas. About 1822 they numbered 600, and were on Lake Caddo; they are now in the Indian territory, on the Wichita river, and in 1869 numbered 284. They nave become closely connected with the Wichitas, and are represented as peaceable and industrious.
Cadi (Arab, kadi, from Tcadai, to judge), a magistrate in Mohammedan countries. In those countries, law and religion being both founded upon the Koran, the clergy and the officers of the law form a single order. In Turkey any Ottoman may enter this order by passing a prescribed examination, whereupon he receives the title of imam. Those who propose to devote themselves to the law pursue a further course of study, and are then qualified for the office of cadi. The cadi has the powers of a judge of courts of ordinary civil and criminal jurisdiction, and those of surrogate and notary public. Properly, the cadi is a magistrate in a village or town, the superior judge of a city or province being styled a mollah.
Cadmia (Gr. ), a name applied by the Greeks to zinc ore, in honor of Cadmus, who first introduced the manufacture of brass into Greece. The same term is also applied to the impure oxide of zinc found in chimney stacks in the metallurgical working of ores containing traces of zinc. The zinc ore is now called calamine.
See CAecilius Statius.
Caecilians, Or Apoda, an order of batrachians, with a long snake-like body, destitute of limbs, and with very minute eyes. They live in the tropical marshes of the old and new world, and attain a length of 1 to 3 feet. Their movements are snake-like.
Caecilius Statius, a Roman comic poet, contemporary of Ennius, and the immediate predecessor of Terence, died in 168 B. C. Of his works there remain only a few fragments, and the titles of 40 of his dramas, which indicate that his plays were adaptations from the works of Greek writers of the new comedy. He was highly esteemed by the Romans, who placed him, with Plautus and Terence, in the first rank of comic poets.
Caelius Aureliaots, a Latin physician, a native of Numidia, who flourished during the decline of the Roman empire. He was a member of the sect of the Methodici, and the author of a medical work still highly esteemed. He divides diseases into two great classes, the acute and the chronic, to the former of which classes he devotes his first three books, and to the latter the remaining seven.
Caf, Or Kaf, a mountain range which, according to the Arabic and Persian legends, encircles the earth. The sun rises from behind it, and again sets behind it. "From Caf to Caf" is from one end of the world to the other. The pivot upon which the mountain rests is a huge emerald, named Sakhral, from the reflection of which earthquakes proceed, and the sky receives its color. The mountain is inhabited by genii and giants.