See Kafiristan.


See Luzon.

Cagayan Sooloo

Cagayan Sooloo, an island of the Malay archipelago, in the sea of Mindoro, intersected by lat. 7° N. and Ion. 118° 36' E.; area, 298 sq. m.; pop. about 12,000. This island was formerly occupied by a race of Moorish pirates who plundered the archipelago, but the advance of European commerce has exterminated them. The people resemble the Malay race, but speak a language entirely different, partaking somewhat of the character of the Ta-gala in construction, and having many words used in the several Philippine languages. The Arabic character is used in writing. The islanders cultivate rice, and have enclosures of well assorted fruit trees; they plough with oxen, rear a variety of domestic poultry, make handsome garments, and fabricate their own weapons and implements. The island is regarded as a dependency of Manila.


Cagli (anc. Callis), a town of Italy, in the province of Pesaro. ed Urbino, at the confluence of the Cantiano and Busso, 14 m. S. of Urbino; pop. about 10,000. It is the seat of a Catholic bishop. The churches contain some remarkable mediaeval paintings, including frescoes in a chapel of the church of San Domenico by Giovanni Sanzio, father of Raphael. The town has a trade in dressed skins.


Cahawba, a river of Alabama, rises in Jefferson co., flows S. W. and S., and, after passing through a rich coal region, joins the Alabama at Oahawba, in Dallas co., 8 m. S. W. of Selma. It is navigable by small boats for 100 m.


Cahinca, a drug derived from one or more species of chiococcits, a genus of the order rubiacece. Cahinca or cainca is the Indian name of the plant, which is known to the Portuguese of Brazil as raiz preta. It is said to be diuretic, emetic, and purgative, and is considerably used by the natives of Brazil. It is but little employed, however, in general practice. Like a large number of other plants, it has been supposed to be beneficial in cases of snake bite.


Cain, eldest son of Adam and Eve, a cultivator of the soil, killed his brother Abel, who was a keeper of flocks, and was condemned to be a fugitive and vagabond on the earth. He retired to the land of Nod, on the east of Eden, where he built a city, which he called Enoch, from the name of his son.


Cainites, a sect of the 2d century, who paid homage to all the reprobate characters mentioned in sacred history. Cain, from whom they took their name, and Judas Iscariot, of whom they had a forged gospel, were objects of their particular veneration. They were a branch of the Gnostics, and admitted great numbers and various ranks of genii and virtues.

Cains Licinins Macer Calvus

Cains Licinins Macer Calvus, a Roman orator and poet, a son of the annalist and orator of the same name, born in 82 B. C, died about 47. He left 21 orations, of which but few fragments survive. One of these, against Vatinius, whose counsel was Cicero, produced so powerful an effect that the accused interrupted the orator and exclaimed, " Judges, am I to be condemned because my accuser is eloquent?" His poems in subject and treatment were similar to those of Catullus.