Cains Lucilius

Cains Lucilius, a Latin poet, born in Suessa, a city of the Aurunci, in 148 B. C, die'd in Naples in 103. He served at a very early age under the younger Scipio in Spain, and is said to have been maternal grand-uncle of Pompey the Great, He was one of the fathers of Latin poetry, and, if not absolutely the inventor of Roman satire, he was at least the first to give it the form afterward fully developed by Horace, Persius, and Juvenal. The satires of Lucilius (as they are collectively called, though many of them appear not to have been of a satirical character) originally consisted of 30 books, of which over 800 fragments are still extant, the greater number however consisting of single lines or isolated couplets, and the longest of them extending to only 13 verses. The fragments of Lucilius were originally collected by Robert and Henry Stephens, and published in the Fragmenta Poetarum Veterum Latinorum (Paris, 1564).

Cains Nepos Duilius

Cains Nepos Duilius, consul of Rome in 260 B. C., noted for his naval victory over the Carthaginians, the first success ever obtained by the Romans on the sea. The battle was fought off Mylae in Sicily, and the triumph of Duilius is attributed to his invention of grappling irons, which enabled his men to fight the enemy hand to hand. On his return to Rome he was honored with a magnificent triumph, and a column was raised to commemorate the event.

Cains Rufus Musonius

Cains Rufus Musonius, a Roman stoic of the 1st century A. D. Nero banished him to Gya-rus in 66, under pretence of his having been a party to the conspiracy of Piso. On the death of Nero he returned from exile, and when Antonius Primus, the general of Vespasian, was advancing against Rome, he joined the embassy sent by Vitellius to make terms with his enemies. After the downfall of Vitellius he became reconciled to Vespasian, who suffered him to remain in Rome. The only edition of the extant fragments of his works is that of Peerlkamp (Haarlem, 1822).

Cains Velleius Paterculus

Cains Velleius Paterculus, a Roman historian, born about 19 B. O. He attended O. Caesar in his eastern expedition in A. D. 2, and subsequently served under Tiberius in Germany, Pannonia, and Dalmatia. He was quaestor in 7, and praetor in 15. His Roman history, a brief compendium, of which a part is lost, appears to have been written in A. D. 30, and bears the title of G. Velleii Paterculi Eistorim Romance, ad M. Vinicium Cos. Libri II. It is chiefly remarkable for its excellent style. The manuscript was discovered in the monastery of Murbach in Alsace by Beatus Rhenanus, who printed it at Basel in 1520.

Cainss Valerius Flaccu

Cainss Valerius Flaccu, a Latin poet, born in Padua, flourished in the time of Vespasian, and died about A. D. 88. Nothing is known of his life, and his only work now extant is the unfinished heroic poem called the Argonautica, in which he narrates the adventures of Jason and his companions. His poem was discovered in 1416 in the monastery of St. Gall, and was first published in 1472. The best edition is Theil's (Halle, 1863). It has been translated into English verse by Nicholas Whyte (1565), and the first book by Thomas Noble (1809).