Cajatambo

Cajatambo, an inland town of Peru, capital of a province of the same name in the department of Junin, 140 m. N. N. E. of Lima; pop. about 3,200. It is situated in the midst of a fertile plain at the foot of the Andes, watered by a branch of the river Barranca. The inhabitants are mostly employed in spinning woollen yarn for export to Lima. - The province (area, 1,500 sq. m.; pop. 24,750) is for the most part mountainous and barren, with a rigorous climate, but contains the remains of numerous ancient towns and aqueducts. It has considerable trade in wool, salt, sulphur, and vitriol.

Cajazzo, Or Caiazzo

Cajazzo, Or Caiazzo(anc. Calatia), a town of S. Italy, in the province of Caserta, 11 m. N. E. of Capua, near the Volturno; pop. about 6,500. It is defended by a castle built by the Lombards. There are ancient inscriptions, remains of massive walls, and an ancient cistern which still supplies the town with water.

Calabar

Calabar, an undefined portion of the coast of Upper Guinea, on the bight of Biafra, about lat. 5° N., Ion; 8° E. It is low and swampy, only a small portion being fit for cultivation. Two thirds of the inhabitants are slaves. There is some commerce in palm oil, chiefly with British traders. The principal towns are Duke Town and Creek Town; pop. of each, 6,000 to 7,000. Old Calabar river, the principal stream on this part of the coast, crosses this district. New Calabar river is about 80 in. further W., and forms one of the outlets of the Niger, flowing into the same estuary with the Bonny. The town of New Calabar is on an island in the river, about 20 m. above its mouth. It has some traffic in slaves, ivory, and palm oil, for which it receives European goods.

Calabozo

Calabozo, a town of Venezuela, in the province and 120 m. S. S. W. of Caracas, situated in the llanos, or plains, W. of the river Guari-co, between the Apure and the Sierra Cos-tanera; pop. about 6,000. It was founded by the Compania Guipuzcoana in the beginning of the 18th century, and is in appearance very picturesque. The heat is extreme (average 88° F.), but is at times tempered by breezes from the N. E. In the rainy season it is subject to great inundations, which often interrupt communication. The houses are well built and the streets are regular. There are several schools and a college. Its situation makes it an important centre of commerce. The exports consist of sugar and horned cattle. Cattle-rearing is extensively carried on in the surrounding country. There are thermal springs in the neighborhood, surrounded by a beautiful grove.

Calahorra

Calahorra (anc. Calagurris), a town of Old Castile, Spain, in the province and 20 m. S. E. of Logrofio, on the river Cidacos near its junction with the Ebro; pop. in 1867, 7,104. ' It is old and decayed in appearance, and its houses are generally mean; its cathedral, in the mixed Gothic style, and an episcopal palace, are alone worthy of note. Calahorra is memorable as the birthplace of Quintilian, St. Dominic, and Prudentius, the first Christian poet, and for its desperate but unsuccessful resistance to a Roman siege in 71 B. C. The remains of Roman towers and an aqueduct may still be traced. The celebrated warm baths of Amedillo are within a short distance of Calahorra.