Cape Palmas, a headland of W. Africa, at the S. extremity of Liberia; lat. 4° 22' N., Ion. 7° 44' W. It is surmounted by a lighthouse. In this portion of Liberia was founded in 1834 the colony of Mary land-in-Liberia, consisting of free colored emigrants sent thither by the state colonization society of Maryland. Under the name of Maryland it now constitutes one of the states of the Liberian republic.
See Cape Palmas.
Cape Prince Of Wales, a promontory on Behring sea, the most N. W. point of North America; lat. 66° N., Ion. 168° W. It terminates in a peaked mountain, presenting a bold face to the sea, and is a dangerous point on account of a shoal which stretches toward the northeast.
Cape Race, a lofty and precipitous headland forming the S. E. extremity of Newfoundland, and extending into the Atlantic from the southernmost point of the division of that island called Ferryland, in lat. 46° 40' N., Ion. 52° 54' W. It forms a prominent point for navigators in the North Atlantic, lying near the ordinary route of vessels between the eastern ports of the United States and England, and being the last point of American land sighted or passed in the eastward passage. .
Cape River, Or Vaunks(called also, from a small town near its source, Rio de Segovia), a river of Central America, forming the boundary between Nicaragua and the state of Olan-cho in Honduras. It flows through a fertile country, and after a course of 250 or 300 m., enters the Caribbean sea at Cape Gracias a Dios. It is navigable for a considerable distance from the sea, but the upper part of its course is obstructed by cataracts and shallows.
A rocky point forming the S. extremity of Nova Scotia, in the county of Shelburne, extending into the Atlantic in lat. 43° 26' N., Ion. 65° 38' W. II. The most S. ppint of the mainland of Florida, and the S. E. extremity of the mainland of the United States, in lat. 26° 55' N., Ion. 81° 15' W. Fort Poinsett is situated upon it. The cape is low and sandy, and to the north of it is the western extremity of the great Mangrove swamp.
See Cape St. Vincent.
Cape San Lucas, the S. extremity of the peninsula of California, extending between the gulf of California and the Pacific ocean in lat. 22° 44' N., Ion. 109° 54' W. It forms one side of a bay on which lies the town of St. Joseph, about 20 m. east of the cape.
Cape San Roque, a promontory on the N. E. coast of Brazil, forming the N. E. extremity of the province of Rio Grande do Norte, extending into the Atlantic in lat. 5° 28' S., Ion. 35° 16' W. At this cape the coast turns from its general direction (N. and S.) so sharply to the west as to form almost a right angle; thus making the promontory the most prominent projection on the eastern shore of the continent. About 50 m. S. of it is the harbor of Natal.