Carlo Cignani

Carlo Cignani, an Italian painter, born in Bologna in 1628, died at Forli, Sept, 6, 1719. He was a pupil of Albano, and passed a number of years at Rome, Florence, and Parma, studying the works of Raphael and Correggio. On the establishment of the Clementine academy by Pope Clement XL in 1708, he was appointed the director. Among his principal works are the "Assumption of the Virgin," an immense fresco in the dome of a church at Forli, which occupied him 20 years; the "Entry of Pope Paul III. into Bologna," "Francis I. healing the Lepers," the "Nativity." the "Virgin and Infant enthroned," four subjects from sacred history in ovals, supported by angels (all at Bologna), "Charity," and the "Chastity of Joseph."

Carlo Coccia

Carlo Coccia, an Italian composer, born in Naples in 1789, died in Milan in 1873. He studied under eminent masters, became professor of music in Naples, and was connected as composer and director with theatres in Lisbon, London, and Turin. His productions include over 60 operas, more or less remarkable for exquisite melody. The most popular of them were La festa della musica, Clotilda, La selvaggia, Fayel, and Maria Stuart. He produced his last work in 1846.

Carlo Maratti

Carlo Maratti, an Italian painter, born near Ancona in 1625, died in Rome, Dec. 15, 1713. At about the age of 12 he was sent to Rome and put under the instruction of Andrea Sacchi, with whom he remained eight years. He became a student of the works of Raphael, and his contemporaries, supposing that he could only paint madonnas, called him Carluccio delle Madowne; but he silenced their sneers by executing for the baptistery of St. John Lateran a picture of Constantine destroying the idols, which caused him to rank among the first painters of the day. He restored the frescoes of Raphael in the Vatican, and those of Anni-bale Carracci in the Farnese palace. His masterpiece is the "Martyrdom of St. Biagio " at Genoa. He also executed several etchings from his own designs and from Italian masters.

Carlo Marenco

Carlo Marenco, an Italian dramatist, born at Cassolo, Piedmont, May 1, 1800, died in Sa-vona, Sept. 20, 1843. He took his degree in jurisprudence at Turin in 1818, but became famous in 1828 by his drama, Bondelmonte. His iamiglia Foscari is especially admired He spent most of his life at Ceva, excepting shortly before his death, when the government appointed him to a public office at Savona. His posthumous Tragedie inedite, edited by G Prati (Florence, 185G), contain several poems.

Carlo Ottavio Castiglione

Carlo Ottavio Castiglione, count, an Italian philologist and antiquary, born in Milan in 1784, died in Genoa, April 10, 1849. In 1819 he published a description of the Cufic coins in the cabinet of Brera at Milan. His principal work in oriental literature, Memoire geographique et numismatique sur la partie orientale de la Barbarie appellee Afrikia par les Arabes (Milan, 1826), is an effort to ascertain the origin and history of the towns in Barbary whose names appear on Arabic coins. In conjunction with Angelo Mai, he published an edition of Ulphilas's Gothic translation of St. Paul's Epistles, which Mai had discovered among the palimpsests of the Ambrosian library. Most of the dissertations which enrich the work, the publication of which extended through 20 years, were written by Castiglione.