Carteret, an E. county of North Carolina, bordering on the Atlantic and Pamlico sound; area, 450 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,010, of whom 2,725 were colored. Several long, narrow islands, on one of which is Cape Lookout, partially separate it from the sea, and Newport river flows through it. The surface is level, and much of it is occupied by swamps and pine forests. The Atlantic and North Carolina railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 32,200 bushels of Indian corn, 58,715 of sweet potatoes, and 774 bales of cotton. There were 542 horses, 935 milch cows, 1,970 other cattle, 1,099 sheep, and 3,705 swine. There were 2 saw mills and 4 manufactories of tar and turpentine. Capital, Beaufort.


Cartesius. See Descartes.


Carthagena. See Cartagena.

Carthago Nova

Carthago Nova. See Cartagena.


Carthamine. See Safflower.


Carupano, a maritime town of Venezuela, in the state of Cumana, 260 m. E. of Caracas; lat. 10° 40' N., lon. 63° 22' W.; pop. of the town and canton about 10,000. It is charmingly situated near the base of high hills commanding an extensive view of the surrounding country, much of which is covered with forests and marshes. There are a church, a grammar and a primary school, and some parochial charitable institutions. The climate is hot, and generally insalubrious owing to the prevailing moisture and the exhalations from the marshes. The principal employments of the inhabitants are agriculture and the raising of horses and mules, numbers of which are exported, as are also fruits and other tropical productions. The port is commodious, and is defended by a battery situated on an eminence.

Carvalho E Mello

Carvalho E Mello. See Pombal.


Carver, a S. E. county of Minnesota, bounded S. E. by the Minnesota river, and intersected by Crow river; area, 375 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,586. The surface is undulating, the soil fertile, and it is watered by numerous lakes and streams. There is a railroad from Minneapolis to Chaska, and the proposed Hastings and Dakota railroad will pass through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 298,852 bushels of wheat, 122,140 of Indian corn, 140,375 of oats, 33,987 of barley, 54,207 of potatoes, 19,694 tons of hay, 211,497 lbs. of butter, and 16,313 of wool. There were 1,691 horses, 4,170 milch cows, 8,381 other cattle, 5,501 sheep, and 7,874 swine. Capital, Chaska.


Carvin, a town of France, in the department of Pas-de-Calais, 15 m. N. E. of Arras; pop. in 1866, 6,546. It has starch and sugar factories, and distilleries.


Caryatides, in architecture, female figures which support a roof in lieu of columns or pilasters. Vitruvius says that the inhabitants of Caryaa, an Arcadian village, joined the Persians after the battle of Thermopyleo; after the defeat of the Persians the confederate Greeks destroyed Caryae, put the male inhabitants to death, and enslaved the women. Sculptors, in commemoration of their infamy, made use of representations of these women to sustain roofs and heavy superincumbent weights; but the use of caryatides is more ancient than the date of the story, and the Greeks probably derived this form in architecture from Egypt.