Cateau, Le, or Cateau Cambresis, a town of France, in the department of Le Nord, on the river Selle, 17 m. S. of Valenciennes; pop. in 1800, 9,974. It is well built, has salt works, manufactories of merinoes, shawls, calicoes, soap, and tobacco, and is noted for producing a superior quality of linen thread. Two treaties were signed here on April 2, 1559, between England and the Netherlands on the one side, and France and Scotland on the other, and on the following day between France and Spain.
Catharine Anne Wake (Warfield), an American authoress, born in Washington, Miss., in 1817. She was educated in Philadelphia, and in 1833 married Elisha Warfield of Lexington, Ky. With her sister, Mrs. Eleanor Lee (who died in 1850), she published "The Wife of Leon, and other Poems" (New York, 1843), and " The Indian Chamber, and other Poems " (1846), under the nom de plume of "Two Sisters of the West." Mrs. Warfield has since published "The Household of Bouverie" (2 vols., 1860; new ed., 1875); "Romance of Beauseincourt" (1867); "Romance of the Green Seal" (1867); "Miriam Monfort" (1873); "A Double Wedding" (1875); and "Hester Howard's Temptation" (1875).
Catharine Cockburn, an English authoress, born in London, Aug. 16, 1679, died May 11, 1749. She was the daughter of Capt. David Trotter, was converted from the Protestant to the Roman Catholic faith, and then reconverted, and in 1708 married Mr. Cockburn, a non-juring clergyman, who afterward took the oaths, and obtained the living of Long Horse-ley, Cumberland. She wrote "A Defence of Locke's Essay on the Human Understanding," and various essays, tragedies, comedies, and poems. Her works were published by Dr. Birch (2 vols., 1751).
Catharine Of Aragon. See Henry VIII.
See Catharine Pare.
Catharine Paulovna, queen of Wiirtem-berg, grand duchess of Russia, daughter of Paul I. and younger sister of Alexander I., born May 21, 1788, died Jan. 9, 1819. In 1809 she married George, duke of Holstein-Oldenburg, who died in 1812. She accompanied her brother Alexander on his campaigns in Germany and France (1813-'14), and to Paris, London, and the congress of Vienna (1815), assisting him by her talents and resolute spirit. In 1816 she married William, crown prince of Wurtemberg. During the famine of 1816 in that country she proved her benevolence by the formation of female associations and an agricultural society. She was active in promoting the education of the people. She left two sons by her first and two daughters by her second marriage.
Catmandoo. See Katmandu.
Catnip, Or Catmint, the leaves of a perennial herbaceous plant, nepeta cataria, of the family labiatm, which is very common in the fields throughout the United States, though supposed to have been introduced from Europe. The plant possesses medicinal virtues, so that it is recognized in the pharmacopoeias, and is employed as a domestic remedy, but rarely in regular practice. The leaves, which alone are used, are aromatic and somewhat bitter and pungent to the taste, and of disagreeable odor; cats eat them with great relish. Catnip is administered in infusion. It acts as a tonic and excitant, and possibly as an antispasmodic and emmena-gogue, being frequently given with reference to such supposed qualities.
Catnip (Ncpeta cataria).