Cebes, a Greek philosopher, lived in the 5th century B. C. at Thebes in Bcootia. He was a disciple of Socrates, and is introduced by Plato as one of the interlocutors in his "Phaedo." He was the author of three dialogues, "The Seventh "('Eβδoun), "Phrynichus," and "The Picture" (IIivaε), of which the last only is extant. It presents a picture of human life in the form of a philosophical allegory, and has been translated into almost all the modern languages, even into Arabic. The best editions are those of Schweighauser (Strasburg, 1806) and of Coraes, in his edition of Epictetus (Paris, 1826).

Cedar Mountain

Cedar Mountain, an isolated conical hill in Culpeper co., Virginia, near which was fought, Oct. 9, 1862, a sharp action between a Union' force under Gen. Banks, belonging to the army of Virginia under Gen. Pope, and the confederates under Gen. Jackson. Toward evening Gen. Banks fell back to meet supports which Gen. Pope had pushed forward. The confederates retained possession of the battle field, but two days afterward fell back to Gor-donsville, toward which Gen. Lee was moving with his whole army. The confederate loss was 223 killed, 1,060 wounded, and 31 missing; total, 1,314. The Union loss was about 1,400 killed and wounded, and 400 prisoners, besides many stragglers who never returned to their commands.

Cedar Springs

Cedar Springs, a post village of Spartanburg co., S. C, 5 m. E. S. E. of Spartanburg. It is an old watering place, and the seat of a deaf and dumb asylum, which in 1871 had two instructors and 15 pupils. The Spartanburg and Union railroad passes through the village.


Cedron, a medicinal extract from the seeds of simaba cedron, a small tree of the order simarubacece, growing in Colombia and Central America. The whole plant appears to be impregnated with a bitter principle, although the seeds only are used. Its action on the system appears to be that of a pure bitter. (See Bitter Principles.) Antiperiodic virtues are claimed for it when given in larger doses than the ordinary ones of one or two grains. For nearly two centuries it has had a great reputation in its native country as a remedy for the bite of serpents and for the prevention of hydrophobia. It is applied both internally and locally.


Cefalu (anc. Cephalaedls), a fortified seaport town of Sicily, on the N. coast, in the province and 30 m. E. S. E. of Palermo; pop. about 12,000. It is the seat of a bishopric, and contains a fine cathedral and several other churches. The remains of a Phoenician edifice, a castle built by the Saracens, and several marble quarries are in the vicinity. Sea fishing is prosecuted with great activity. The port is capable of receiving only a small number of vessels.


Cehejin, a town of Spain, on the Caravaca, in the province and 35 m. W. by N. of Murcia; pop. about 6,200. It contains numerous handsome houses built of marble from the neighboring quarries, and has manufactories of paper, cloth, soap, and pottery, oil and brandy distilleries, and commerce in wine, fruits, grain, wool, hemp, flax, and cotton.