Cesar De Bus

Cesar De Bus, a French priest, born at Ca-vaillon, Feb. 3, 1544, died in Avignon, April 15, 1607. In youth he led a gay life in the camp and at court, but took orders in 1574, and in 1592 founded at De l'lsle (Vaucluse) the first establishment of the religious order of the doctrine chretienne or doctrinaires. At the outbreak of the revolution there were 150 of their establishments in France. The order was restored in 1850 at Cavaillon, with an establishment at Marseilles, and another has since been founded in Paris. De Bus founded in 1589 the filler de la doctrine chretienne, a similar institution for women, which does not appear to have been restored. He became blind near the close of his life. His principal work is Instructions (5 vols., Paris, 1666).


Cesena, a city of Italy, in the province and 12 m. S. E. of Forli, on the AEmilian way, and on the right bank of the river Savio; pop. in 1872, 35.870. It is the seat of a bishop, has a cathedral, a seminary, a large town hall, a fountain, and a colossal statue of Pope Pius VI., who was born here. There is also the Capuchin church, containing a fine painting by Guercino, a library founded by the duke Ma-latesta in 1-452, rich in MSS., and at a short distance the Benedictine monastery, long the residence of Pius VII., also a native of this place. A few miles S. of Cesena are extensive sulphur mines, which supply the works at Bologna and Rimini. It has a considerable trade in wine and hemp.


Cestus ((Jr.Cestus 0400117 embroidered), with the ancients, a band or tie of any kind, particularly applied to the embroidered zone or girdle of Venus, famed for its power of awakening love. By thisCestus 0400118 according to Homer. Venus captivated Mars, and Juno borrowed it in order to win the affections of Jupiter. The Romans applied the term also to the thongs or bands of leather tied around the hands of a class of boxers, from them called cestuarii. The Greeks used different kinds of cestus under different names. The cestus of the Roman boxers was often loaded with lead or iron, and the word in this sense is supposed by some to be a modified form of ccestus, and derived from ccedor, to kill.


Cetis (the whale), a large constellation of the southern hemisphere, containing 97 stars, and said to represent the monster which was going to devour Andromeda. Its brightest star, named Menkar, comes on the meridian at 8 o'clock in the beginning of January.


Cetigne. See Cettigne.

Cettigne, Or Cetigne (Slavic, Tzetinie; Ger

Cettigne, Or Cetigne (Slavic, Tzetinie; Ger. Zettinje), the capital of the principality of Montenegro, situated on a hill about 10 m. E. of the Adriatic, and 37 m. N. W. of Scutari; pop. about 700. It is fortified, has a convent and a school, and on a plain below the village is the government house of the principality. It carries on some trade with Dalmatia, the nearest port being that of Cattaro, and has a powder mill.