Chapala, a lake in the state of Jalisco, Mexico, bordering upon Guanajuato on the north and Michoacan on the east and southeast. It lies between lat. 20° 15' and 20° 45' N., and lon. 101° 50' and 103° 17' W., and has an area of about 1,200 sq. m., being thus the largest lake in the republic. Its depth during the floods - July and August - is 6 1/2 fathoms, gradually diminishing in the dry season to about 5 fathoms. Its surface is interspersed with beautiful islands. The lake communicates with the Rio Grande de Santiago, to the waters of which river it is supposed to owe its formation. It abounds in excellent fish, affording a profitable occupation to numbers of the inhabitants of the adjacent country.
Chapel Hill, a post village of Orange co., North Carolina. 28 m. N. W. of Raleigh; pop. in 1870, 2,799. It occupies a healthy and agreeable site on the New Hope river, an affluent of the Cape Fear, and is the seat of the university of North Carolina, an institution founded in 1789. (See North Carolina, University of.)
Chaplet. .See Bead.
Chapoo, a seaport of China, in the province of Che-kiang, 53 m. N. N. W. of Ningpo, in hit. 30° 40' N, lon. 120° 25' E. It is situated on the N. side of the estuary of the Tsien-tang, its suburbs lying along the shore, while the main town is at some distance behind them. Through the suburbs is conducted its extensive trade with foreign ports; while a canal connects the city itself with Hang-chow, and thus with the interior. Chapoo is an important entrepot in the trade between China and Japan; and although its harbor is shallow and unsafe, it has attained great importance as a port. It was the scene of a severe conflict in the opium war, when the heights near by, which had been fortified by the Chinese, were carried by the British after an obstinate resistance, May 18, 1842.
Chara, a genus of aquatic plants of the order characece, found in most parts of the world. In the United States they occur in the great lakes and in the large fresh-water lakes of New York, frequently growing with such luxuriance as to render the bottom green like a grassy meadow. They are found in the fossil state, and are important to the geologist as characterizing groups of strata, as those of the freshwater marl beds of the tertiary formation. The seed vessel of these plants is very tough, and is covered by an integument consisting of five spiral valves. The stems are longitudinally striated, and always turn in a contrary direction from the rings on the seed vessel.
Charbar (or Choubar) BAY, one of the best harbors on the coast of Beloochistan, in the Indian ocean. Ras Oharbar, the E. point of the bay, is in lat. 25° 16' N., lon. 60° 35' E. On the E. side of its entrance is the town of Charbar, pop. 1,500, surrounded by a rampart of earth, and garrisoned by the sultan of Oman. North of this are the ruins of the Portuguese settlement of Teez, which was probably identical with the Tiz of Edrisi, and possibly occupied the site of the Troesa of Nearchus.