Charite, La, a town of France, in the department of Nievre, situated on the Southern railway and on the right bank of the Loire, over which there are two bridges, 12 m. N. N. W. of Nevers; pop. in 1866, 4,870. It has manufactures of coarse jewelry and earthenware and woollen stuffs.
Chariton, a N central county of Missouri, intersected by Chariton river, and bounded S. W. by the Missouri and W. by Grand river; area, 740 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 19,136, of whom 2,800 were colored. Yellow and Wolf creeks furnish water power. The soil is fertile and adapted to pasturage. The surface is gently undulating and covered with forests and prairies. Stone coal and limestone are found in large quantities. The North Missouri railroad crosses it. The chief productions in 1870 were 205,851 bushels of wheat, 919,288 of Indian corn, 205,914 of oats, 05,593 of potatoes, 4,137 tons of hay, 219,097 lbs. of butter, 39,833 of wool, and 2,993,981 of tobacco. There were 6,169 horses, 1,973 mules and asses, 5,280 milch cows, 8,085 other cattle, 15,089 sheep, and 27,401 swine. Capital, Keytesville.
Chariton, Or Grand Chariton, a river which rises in Lucas co., Iowa, and flows S. E. through Appanoose co. to the Missouri boundary. Thence it follows a 8. course to the Missouri river, which it joins near the S. extremity of Chariton co., Missouri. It is about 250 m. long, and is navigable for 50 m. The East Chariton and Middle fork are its principal branches.
Charlemagne Theophile Lefebvre, a French traveller, born in Nantes in 1811, died in Paris in 1859. He was an officer in the navy, and explored several regions, especially Abyssinia. His companions, the naturalists Dillon and Petit, died in that country, where upon his last journey he contracted a fever which ultimately proved fatal. The Voyage en Abys-sinie, execute pendant les annees 1839-'43 (6 vols., Paris), was published by the government at the request of the academy. For this work Lefebvre wrote the first two volumes, and a portion of the third.
Charlemont. See Givet.
Charles Allston Collins, an English painter and author, brother of Wilkie Collins, born at Hampstead, Jan. 25, 1828, died in London, April 9, 1873. From 1848 to 1858 he was engaged in painting, and exhibited several pictures at the royal academy and elsewhere, which attracted attention. Afterward he devoted himself to literature. Among his works are: "A Cruise upon Wheels"z(1862), a humorous account of a journey in France; "Strath-cairn " (1864); and "At the Bar" (1866). He married a daughter of Charles Dickens.
Charles Alphonse Dufresnoy, a French painter and poet, born in Paris in 1611, died at Villiers-le-Bel, near Paris, in 1665. His pic-. tures are correct, but not otherwise remarkable, and he is now chiefly remembered as the author of a Latin poem entitled De Arte Gra-phica, which has been translated into French by Roger de Piles, and by several since him, and three times into English, viz. : into prose by Dryden (4to, London, 1695) and by Wills (4to, 1754), and into verse by William Mason, with notes by Sir Joshua Reynolds (4to, York, 1783).