Charles Cotin

Charles Cotin, a French abbe, born in Paris in 1604, died there in 1682. He became the butt of the satire of Boileau, consequent upon his advice to him to adopt a different style of writing. In his play of the Femmes savantes, Moliere makes Trissotin imitate Cotin's speech and manner. Cotin was almoner to the king, a member of the French academy, and author of a volume of poems and of several prose works; but his writings were in bad taste and below mediocrity.

Charles Cowden Clarke

Charles Cowden Clarke, an English author, horn at Enfield, near London, Dec. 15, 1787. He was an intimate associate of Lamb, Keats, and Shelley, and for more than 20 years was a favorite popular lecturer upon British poets and prose writers. He is author of "Nyren's Cricketer's Guide " (1833 and 1840); "Adam the Gardener," a book for the young (1834); "Tales from Chaucer" (1833 and 1870); "Riches of Chaucer" (1835 and 1870); a collection of poems entitled Garmina Minima (1859); "Shakespeare Characters: chiefly those subordinate" (18G3); and "Moliere Characters" (1865). He also wrote the "Essays on the Comic Writers of England," which appeared in the "Gentleman's Magazine" in 1871.

Charles De Cosse

Charles De Cosse, count de Brissac, a marshal of France, born in Anjou in 1505, died Dec. 31, 1563. He served at the siege of Naples in 1528, was made colonel general of the French infantry in 1542, and fought against the English and imperialists in Champagne and Flanders in 1544-'6. In 1547 he was made grand master of the artillery; in 1550 marshal of France and governor general of Piedmont, where he proved himself superior to his opponent, the marquis of Gonzaga; in 1559 governor of Picardy, in 1562 commander of Paris, and in 1563 governor of Normandy. Under Henry II. he owed his position to Diana of Poitiers, with whom he was a favorite. His reputation as a general was such that princes and nobles served under him to learn the art of war.

Charles De Menon Aulnay De Charnise

Charles De Menon Aulnay De Charnise, seigneur d', a French proprietor, who figured largely in the history of Acadia or Nova Scotia, died in 1650. He was sent out about 1632 by Commander Isaac de Razilly, the proprietor of Acadia, and on his death acted as agent for his brother Claude de Razilly, whose rights he purchased in 1642. A civil war broke out soon after between him and La Tour, a neighboring proprietor, in which both parties committed excesses, and both sought the aid of New England. DAulnay secured the favor of the French government, and, after capturing Madame de la Tour in her fort in 1645, was appointed governor. His authority extended to the Kennebec. His widow, Jeanne Motin, married his old rival La Tour.

Charles Drelincourt

Charles Drelincourt, a French Protestant divine, born at Sedan, July 10, 1595, died in Paris, Nov. 3, 1669. He pursued his studies in his native town and in Saumur, preached for two years near Langres, and in 1620 became pastor at Charenton, near Paris. He soon distinguished himself as a preacher, being one of the first of the reformed ministry who treated their texts practically, instead of discussing them in a doctrinal and abstract way. Some of his writings, especially his book of "Consolations against the Fear of Death" (Paris, 1651), which has been translated into English and German, are still in use as books of devotion. It was to promote the sale of the English translation of this work that Defoe wrote his celebrated fictitious account of the apparition of Mrs. Veal, who came from the other world on purpose to recommend the perusal of "Drelincourt on Death."