Charles Torre

Charles Torre, an English lawyer, brother of Philip Yorke, second earl of Hardwicke, born Dec. 30, 1722, died Jan. 20, 1770. He was called to the bar in 1747, and represented Reigate in parliament from 1747 to 1768, when he was elected for Cambridge university. He was appointed solicitor general in 1756, and he was attorney general in 1762-3 and 1765-70. He was appointed lord high chancellor Jan. 17, 1770, but died suddenly three days afterward, it is supposed by suicide, while his patent for the peerage, under the title of Baron Morden, was being executed. He published "Some Considerations on the Law of Forfeiture for High Treason," etc, reviewing the act of parliament making it treason to correspond with the pretender's sons or any of their agents (8vo, London, 1745; 5th ed., 1795), and wrote the letters signed C. in the "Athenian Letters" (1741-'3), of which he was joint author with his brother and others. (See Hardwicke, Earls of).

Charles Townley

Charles Townley, an English collector of works of ancient art, born in Lancashire, Oct. 1, 1737, died in Westminster, Jan. 3, 1805. He received his education on the continent, and during a residence in Rome between 1765 and 1772 he devoted his fortune largely to the purchase of ancient marbles, terra cottas, bronzes, gems, etc, aided by the advice and experience of Winckelmann and others. After his return to England, he added to his collection by means of agents at Rome, and by purchasing that of Nollekens. After his death his collection of marbles was purchased by the nation for £20,000, and in 1814 his bronzes, coins, and gems became the public property at a cost of £8,200. All are now incorporated with the general collection of Graeco-Roman remains in the British museum.

Charles Victor De Bonstetten

Charles Victor De Bonstetten, a Swiss author, born in Bern, Sept. 3, 1745, died in Geneva, Feb. 3,. 1832. Before the revolution he took part in public affairs and interested himself in social and political questions. Afterward ho travelled extensively, writing letters, sketches, and books on a variety of subjects, both in French and German. He was acquainted with nearly all the distinguished persons of his time, and left some unfinished Souvenirs, in which he intended to record his reminiscences of them. His principal works are Recherches sur la nature et les lois de Vimagination (Geneva, 1807), and Etudes de l'homme (Geneva, 1821).

Charles Viner

Charles Viner, an English lawyer, born about 1680, died in 1756. He compiled "A General and Complete Abridgment of Law and Equity " (24 vols, fol., 1741-'51), the preparation of which occupied, according to Blackstone, half a century. It was reprinted in 24 vols, in 1792 -'4, and followed by a supplement (6 vols., 1799-1806). He bequeathed £12,000 to establish a professorship of common law at Oxford, of which Blackstone was the first incumbent, and to endow fellowships and scholarships.