Charles XIV. John. See Bernadotte.
Charles's Wain, a name given to the constellation Ursa Major, or the Great Bear, often called also the Dipper. The literal meaning of the name is the rustic's wagon, and some fancied resemblance doubtless was the occasion of its use.
Charleville (early in the middle ages called Arcae Remorum and Carolopolis), an old town of France, in the department of Ardennes, on the Mouse, about a mile N. of Mezieres, with which it is connected by a suspension bridge, and 10 m. N. W. of Sedan; pop. in 18GG, 11,244. It was a military station until the end of the 17th century, when its fortifications were destroyed, and subsequently the royal manufactory of arms was removed. The prosperity of the town has since increased. It has an active export trade in wine, spirits, coal, iron, and slates; a manufactory of muskets, nail works, copper founderies, and tanneries; a commodious port, a public library of 25,000 volumes, a college, an ecclesiastical school, normal school, and theatre.
Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer, a German actress and dramatist, born in Stuttgart in 1800, died in Berlin, Aug. 25, 1868. Her maiden name was Pfeifter, and she married in 1825 Dr. Birch of Copenhagen. For about 20 years she performed in the various theatres of Germany, made excursions to St. Petersburg, Pesth, Amsterdam, and other cities, and in 1837 undertook the management of the Zurich theatre, which she retained till 1843, when she received an appointment at the royal theatre of Berlin. She wrote several novels and some 70 plays.
Charlotte Harbor, Or Boca Grande, an inlet on the W. coast of Florida, in Manatee co., about 25 m. long, and from 8 to 10 m. wide, but only 10 or 12 ft. deep. Its entrance, which lies between Boca Grande key and Gasperilla bay, is three quarters of a mile wide and 0 fathoms deep. This harbor is sheltered from the sea by islands, and produces fine oysters and a great variety offish and wild fowl.
Charlotte Lennox, an English authoress, born in the city of New York in 1720, died in England, Jan. 4, 1804. Her father, Col. Ramsay, who was lieutenant governor of the colony of New York at the time of her birth, sent her to be educated in England, where she passed the remainder of her life. She married, and, having become a widow in straitened circumstances, resorted to her pen for the means of subsistence. Her chief work, " Shakespeare Illustrated " (3 vols. 12mo), is a collection of the novels and histories from which Shakespeare is supposed to have derived his plots. Among her other works are translations of " Sully's Memoirs" and " Binney's Greek Theatre," "The Female Quixote," and a variety of plays, novels, and miscellanies. She enjoyed the friendship of Dr. Johnson and Richardson, the former of whom assisted her in drawing up proposals for an edition of her works in 3 vols. 4to, which was never published. She died impoverished.