Chaves

Chaves (anc. Aqum Flaviae), a town of Portugal, in the province of Tras-os-Montes, 35 m. W. S. W. of Braganza; pop. about 7,000. The fortifications which once defended it are now in ruins. It is situated on the Tamega river, here crossed by a Roman bridge of 18 arches, and has hot saline springs and baths. It has an interesting church, the burial place of Alfonso, duke of Braganza. On March 12, 1809, after a violent conflict, Soult obtained possession of the place; and after the defeat of the Cartistas (Sept. 18, 1837), the convention of Chaves was signed here.

Cheat River

Cheat River, in West Virginia, is formed by the union of the Laurel, Glade, Shaver's and Dry forks, which rise among the Alleghany mountains, near the N. border of Pocahontas co., and meet in Tucker co. It flows N. and N. W. through a hilly country, well adapted to grazing, and rich in coal and iron, and falls into the Monongahela at the S. W. extremity of Fayette co., Pa. It furnishes fine water power, and is navigable 40 m. above Rowles-burg, but not in its lower course.

Cheatham

Cheatham, a N. W. county of Tennessee, intersected by Cumberland river; area, 350 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,678, of whom 1,470 were colored. The surface is undulating. It is traversed by the Nashville and Northwestern railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 19,-572 bushels of wheat, 274,052 of Indian corn, 44,585 of oats, 62 bales of cotton, and 419,265 lbs. of tobacco. There were 1,450 horses, 1,529 milch cows, 2,732 other cattle, 4,825 sheep, and 14,980 swine. There were 12 saw mills and a manufactory of gunpowder. Capital, Ashland City.

Cheboygan

Cheboygan, an extreme N. county of Michigan, bordering on the straits of Mackinaw and Lake Huron; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,196. It is drained by Black and Cheboygan rivers, and contains several lakes. The chief productions in 1870 were 1,070 bushels of wheat, 8,285 of oats, 8,484 of potatoes, 1,267 of peas and beans, and 349 tons of hay. The total value of live stock was $20,585. There were 2 ship-building establishments and 6 saw mills. Capital. Duncan.

Checkerberry

Checkerberry. See Partbidge Berry, and Wintergreen.

Chedotel

Chedotel, a Norman navigator, the dates of whose birth and death are unknown. On account of his thorough knowledge of the coasts of New France he was selected in 1598 to guide thither the expedition of the marquis de la Roche. On his arrival at Sable island he landed 50 men, the most of whom were from the French prisons, and departed to examine the coast of Acadia. He was prevented by stress of weather from landing on his return, and the men remained on the island for seven years, leading the life of savages. In 1605 the parliament of Rouen sent him for them, and he recovered 12, all that remained. Arrived in France in a state of destitution, they were presented to Henry IV., who gave to each 50 crowns and a pardon.