Chimseyans, a nation of Indians on the northwest coast of America, extending from Milbank sound to Observatory inlet (lat. 53° to 55° N.), and including the Sebassas, Neece-lowes, Nass, and other offsets. Their language is bold, sonorous, and emphatic. They are noted for the process of inserting a piece of hard wood or ivory in a slit in the lower lip. The Chimseyans communicate with the northern branches of the Tacully or Chippewyans.
China Ware. See Porcelain.
Chinandega, a town in the Occidental department of Nicaragua, situated on the plain of Leon, about 6 m. from Realejo on the Pacific, which is its seaport; pop. about 15,000. It lies in the midst of a district of extraordinary fertility and agricultural resources, which, however, are but poorly developed. It consists of two contiguous towns, Old and New Chinandega, and is almost the only place in Nicaragua that has grown since the separation from Spain; a considerable part of the inhabitants of Leon, tired of the turmoils and dangers of the political capital, having sought here comparative quiet and security. Many of the houses, which are straggling and devoid of architectural taste, are surrounded by gardens and plantations. During the existence of the first Central American confederacy, the congress met at Chinandega.
Chinch Bug, a small hemipterous insect (rhy-parochromua devastator, Say), which occasionally commits great depredations in wheat and corn fields, especially in the southern and western states. It is about 3/20 of an inch long, with white wing covers, upon each of which is a short central line and a large marginal oval spot of black; the rest of the body is black and downy; the beak, legs, base of antenme, and hinder edge of thorax, reddish yellow; and fore part of the thorax grayish. The young are wingless, at first bright red, changing gradually to the colors of the adult. The eggs are laid in the ground, and the young appear on the wheat about the middle of June, and may be seen on grains and grasses all summer.
Chinch Bug (Rhyparochromus devastator).
Chinchaycocha, a lake of Peru, in the department of Junin, about 10 m. S. S. E. of Pasco. Its N. W. extremity is in lat. 10° 42' S., lon. 75° 40' W. It is 13,000 ft. above the sea, and is 35 m. in length and 7 in width. With the exception of Lakes Titicaca and Maracaibo, it is the largest sheet of fresh water in South America. The principal branch of the Man-taro or Jauja, one of the largest tributaries of the Ucayali, issues from it. As it loses by this and other outlets more water than it receives from streams flowing into it, it is undoubtedly fed by subterraneous springs. Its banks are marshy and are frequented by many water fowl. Its S. W. extremity is crossed by a marshy piece of ground, called the Calzada, which forms a means of communication between the two shores.