Chind, Or Chand, a Hindoo poet, of the Rajpoot tribe, who flourished in the 12th century.
He wrote a poem, said to contain 100,000 stanzas, in which he alludes to or treats of almost all branches of knowledge, and gives a sort of general history of his nation during the period in which he lived, celebrating the exploits of the Rajpoot nobles, and especially of Prithwiraja, the last Hindoo king of Delhi, for whom he acted as court bard. His poems are still very popular among the Rajpoots. Col. Tod published an account of the life and writings of Chund in the first volume of the "Transactions of the Royal Asiatic Society," giving some translations from these poems.
Ching-King, a Chinese province. See ShingKING.
Chingleput, an inland town of British India, in the Carnatic, presidency of Madras, capital of an extensive district, 35 m. S. S. W. of Madras; pop. about 7,500. It consists of one long street, and adjoins another town or collection of dwellings called Nullam. An artificial lake or tank and a feeder of the Palar river supply the place with water, and the climate is salubrious excepting during the dry season, when the decayed matter in the tank produces malaria. Rice is the principal article of trade, and potteiw is manufactured. The fort, once of considerable strength, is divided into two parts by a rampart and a ditch, the E. part being elevated and constituting an inner fort, with the government buildings of the district.
The fort was taken by the French in 1751, and retaken by the English under Give in 1752.
Chinon, a town of France, in the department of Indre-et-Loire, 25 m. S. W. of Tours; pop. in 1866, 6,895. It is pleasantly situated on the right bank of the Vienne. The principal public buildings are the town hall and the communal college. Henry II. of England died there, and near it Rabelais was born. It was the favorite residence of the French monarchs from Philip Augustus to Henry IV. The ruins of the castle where Charles VII. resided when Paris was occupied by the English, and where Joan of Arc presented herself to that monarch, are still seen. The principal articles of trade are grain, wine, prunes (called prunes of Tours), and other dried and fresh fruits.
Chinooks, a family of Indian tribes on the N. W. coast of North America, who formerly inhabited both banks of the Columbia river from its mouth to the Grand Dalles, broken up into numerous bands. The Chinooks proper were on the north side, and the Clatsops on the south and along the coast. The language varied as the tribes extended into the interior. In all its dialects it is very complicated and difficult to pronounce. This led to the composition of the Chinook jargon, a sort of lingua franca used by the traders, containing some Chinook words with terms from the French, English, and many Indian languages, all corrupted into a new form. The Chinook Indians are now nearly extinct, a small band on the Chehalis reservation in Washington territory representing them in 1873. A vocabulary of their language, by George Gibbs, was published at New York in 1863; and a "Dictionary of the Chinook Jargon," thoroughly analyzed by the same scholar, in the same year.