Christ (Gr.Christ 0400258 anointed), a title applied in the New Testament to Jesus, and derived from the ancient practice of consecration by anointing to the regal, prophetic, and sacerdotal offices. The practice is still preserved in the consecration of kings. The apostles designate Jesus by his official title much more frequently than by his historical name. The reverse is the practice of the evangelists. (See Jesus Christ.)


Christchirch, a town of New Zealand, the capital of the province of Canterbury, on the banks of the Avon, about 7 m. from the sea, and about 9 m. from Lyttleton, which is its port; pop. of the town proper in 1871, 7,031; of the town and suburbs, 12,466. It is connected with Lyttleton by a railway tunnelled at great expense through the Lyttleton hills, and with all the principal towns of New Zealand by telegraph. It is the seat of an Anglican bishop, and has numerous fine buildings, among others the college, the supreme court, the immigration barracks, and the banks. It has also flourishing manufactories.


Christchurch, a parliamentary and municipal borough, town, and parish of Hampshire, England, 20 m. S. W. of Southampton; pop. of the parliamentary borough in 1871, 15,415. It is 7 m. from the Christchurch station on the Southampton and Dorchester branch of the Southwestern railway, on the S. W. border of the New forest, at the confluence of the Avon and Stour, about 1 1/2m. above their mouth in Christchurch bay, an inlet of the English channel, about 11 m. long. It derives its name from a fine old church founded in early Saxon times, and rebuilt under William II. In Christchurch bay a double tide occurs every 12 hours.

Christian August Brandis

Christian August Brandis, a German philosopher, born at Hildesheim, Feb. 13, 1790, died in Bonn, July 24, 1867. He studied at Kiel and Gottingen, and lectured at the university of Copenhagen. In 1816 he removed to Berlin, whence he went to Rome as secretary of legation to Niebuhr. He soon returned to Berlin, and was associated with Immanuel Bekker in editing the works of Aristotle. In 1821 he was appointed professor of philosophy at Bonn. From 1837 to 1840 he was cabinet councillor in Greece, and on his return resumed his professorship at Bonn, and published Mittheilungen uber Griechenland (Leipsic, 1842). His principal works are the Handbuch der Oeschichte der griechisch-romischen Philosophie(3 vols., Berlin, 1835-'65), and Geschichte der Entwickelungen der griechischen Philosophie und ihre Nachwir-Icungen im romischen Reiche (2 vols., 1862-'4).

Christian August Friedrieh Peters

Christian August Friedrieh Peters, a German astronomer, born in Hamburg, Sept. 7, 1806. He was employed in the observatory of that city and afterward of Pulkova, and in 1839 became one of the directors of the latter. In 1849 he was appointed professor of astronomy at Konigsberg, and in 1854 director of the observatory of Altona. He has edited Die Astro-nomiscJien Naclirichten since 1854, and has made various discoveries of asteroids and observations of fixed stars and comets.