Christian Friedrich Schwarz

Christian Friedrich Schwarz, a German missionary, born at Sonnenburg in Brandenburg in October, 1726, died in Tanjore, Hindostan, Feb. 13, 1798. He studied Tamil to aid Schultz in translating the Bible, was ordained at Copenhagen in 1749, and in 1750 sailed for Tran-quebar. He removed thence to Trichinopoly, and finally to Tanjore, where he spent the last 20 years of his life. The rajah of Tanjore committed to him the education of his son and successor; and Hyder Ali received him as an ambassador after refusing all others. When the latter invaded the Carnatic, and the inhabitants and garrison of Tanjore were reduced almost to starvation, Schwarz induced the native farmers to bring in their cattle, pledging his word for their payment. After his death the rajah of Tanjore and the East India company each erected a monument to his memory.

Christian Heinrich Heinecken

Christian Heinrich Heinecken, a precocious child of Lubeck, born Feb. 6,1721, died June 27, 1725. He could speak at the age of 10 months, recite the principal events of the Old Testament two months afterward, and had committed to memory the history of antiquity when little over two years old, besides speaking fluently Latin and French. At three years he was familiar with universal history and geography. From all sides people came to see him, and on the invitation of the king of Denmark he visited Copenhagen. His constitution was very delicate, and until four years old he was supported only by the milk of his nurse. His biography was written by his teacher, Christian von Schonerich.

Christian Henriksen Pram

Christian Henriksen Pram, a Danish poet, born in Norway, Sept. 4, 1756, died in St. Thomas, Nov. 5, 1821. He studied law and political economy in Copenhagen, was connected with the department of commerce, edited a commercial journal, originated the literary journal " Minerva," and was one of the founders and long president of the Scandinavian literary society. In 1819 he was appointed director of the custom house at St. Thomas. His principal work is the legendary epic Stoer-Jcodder (1785). A select edition of his miscellaneous writings was published by Rahbeck, with a biographical sketch (4 vols., Copenhagen, 1824-'6).

Christian Ludwig Ideler

Christian Ludwig Ideler, a German mathematician, born at Gross-Brese, in Brandenburg, Sept. 21, 1766, died Aug. 10,1846. His earliest work was the editing in 1794 of an astronomical almanac for the Prussian government. He taught mathematics and mechanics in the school of woods and forests, and also in the military school, and in 1821 became professor in the university of Berlin. His works include His-torische Untersuchungen uber die astronomi-schen Beobachtungen der Alien (Leipsic, 1806); Handbuch der mathematischen und technischen Chronologie (Berlin, 1825-'6); and Die Zeit-rechnung der Chinesen (Berlin, 1839).

Christian Morgenstern

Christian Morgenstern, a German painter, born in Hamburg in 1805, died Feb. 26, 1867. His parents were poor, and he began life as assistant of an exhibitor of panoramas. In 1823 he was admitted to the school of painting of Bendixen, and in 1827 he exhibited his first work, " Oaks near a Swamp," which procured for him a small stipend from the government. He spent some time in Holstein, explored Norway, attended the -academy of fine arts at Copenhagen, and settled in Munich in 1830, choosing the " Heath of Ltineburg " as the theme of his first work in that city. He produced exquisite landscapes of the mountains of Berchtesgaden and Salzburg, of the romantic castles of Alsace and the Vosges mountains, of Lakes Starnberg and Chiem, and of Heligoland. His pictures of moonlight and stormy nights on Heligoland are regarded as his masterpieces. Shortly before his death he exhibited in Paris a new painting of the heath of Liineburg. He also excelled in etching.