Cibao

Cibao, a mountain range nearly in the central part of Hayti, extending about 90 m. N. W. and S. E. The highest summits, forming the culminating peaks of the island, are more than 7,000 ft, high. E. and S. E. of these mountains is an excessively rugged and almost deserted tract; but between the range along the N. shore, from the bay of Monte Christi on the west to Vieux Cap Francais on the east, and the Cibao mountain, there is an extensive and fertile valley watered by the Yaque, and known as the plain of Santiago. The principal rivers of the island, as the Neyva, Artibo-nite, Yuma, and Monte Christi, rise in these mountains; and gold has been found here.

Cicuta

Cicuta, a deadly genus of plants belonging to the natural order umbelljferce, with dissected leaves, white flowers, and subglobose fruit contracted at the sides. C. maculata (water hemlock, spotted cowbane, musquash root, or beaver poison) is common in swamps in the United States. The root, which somewhat resembles a parsnip in taste and smell, has given rise to cases of fatal poisoning. The seeds eon-tain an alkaloid, supposed to be identical with conia. It has been used in the treatment of nervous headaches. Poisoning by it should be treated with emetics and stimulants. A full account of the plant may be found in Bigelow's "Medical Botany," i., 125, and an analysis of its seeds in the " American Journal of Pharmacy," vol. xxvii., p. 294. 0. virosa (cowbane or water hemlock), the European species, an acid narcotic, produces tetanic convulsions, and has proved fatal to both men and animals. It has little or no use in medicine. (See Conium.)

Ciedmon

Ciedmon, the first Anglo-Saxon poet, died A. D. 680. According to tradition, he was a swineherd to the monks of Whitby, and one night a vision appeared to him and commanded him to sing. When he awoke, the words of a poem in praise of the Creator were impressed upon his memory. He was admitted into the monastery at Whitby, where he continued to compose devotional poems. His paraphrase of parts of the Scriptures was printed at Amsterdam in 1655, edited by Junius. Thorpe published an edition of it (London, 1832) for the society of antiquaries. It has been said that Milton took some ideas of "Paradise Lost" from the poems of Caedmon. They were very popular, and furnished plentiful materials to the makers of mysteries and miracle plays. The only manuscript of the paraphrase extant is to be found in the Bodleian library at Oxford.

Cienfuegos

Cienfuegos, a city of Cuba, capital of a jurisdiction in the department of the Centre, situated on the S. side of the island, on the bay of Jagua, 130 m. S. E. of Havana; lat. 22° 15' N., lon. 80° 32' W.; pop. about 10,000. The harbor, which is capacious and safe, is defended by the fort of Los Angeles. The city is the most beautiful on the island. The streets are wide and straight, and many of the houses are surrounded by gardens. Among the principal buildings are a theatre, a number of churches, and several public schools. Railways connect the town with Cardenas and Sagua la Grande, on the N. coast. It has two daily newspapers and a considerable local trade. The chief exports are sugar, wax, and timber. Cienfuegos was founded about 1813, and was named from the captain general of Cuba at that time.