Cieza, a town of Spain, on the Segura, in the province and 24 m. N. W. of Murcia; pop. about 8,000. It has a workhouse, a public granary, and manufactures of coarse linen.
Ciiamplaix, a N.W. county of the province of Quebec, Canada, on the left bank of the St. Lawrence; area, 229 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 8,107, of whom 8,015 were French. It is traversed by the rivers St. Maurice, Champlain, Batiscan, and Vermilion, and copiously watered by small streams and lakes. The surface rises gradually from the St. Lawrence; the soil is fertile and the timber of excellent quality. To the ordinary agricultural products, this county adds tobacco and a considerable quantity of maple sugar. Chief town, Batiscan.
Cijstozza, Or Custoza, a village of Italy, in the province and 10 m. S. W. of the city of Verona, near Villafranca, which on July 25, 1848, was the scene of a battle between the Austrians under Radetzky and the Sardinians under Charles Albert in person; and on June 24, 1866, of an equally important battle between the Austrians under Archduke Albrecht and two Italian army corps under Lamarmora. The Italians were defeated in both engagements, and in the latter the second son of thejdng of Italy, Amadeo, was wounded.
Cimicifuga (bugbane; Lat. eimex, bug, and fngare, to drive away), a tall herb of the order nniunculacece, with incisely toothed leaflets and white flowers. C. raccmosd (black snakeroot) is found from Maine to Michigan and southward. The root is used medicinally in the substance and in the form of decoction, tincture, and extract. A pint of the decoction may be taken daily, but the tincture and extract should be given in the dose of about half a teaspoonful. In small doses it stimulates the secretion of the mucous membrane, and allays nervous irritability. In large doses it is said to produce vertigo, dimness of vision, and depression of pulse. It has been used with apparent success in chorea, rheumatism, and chronic bronchitis.
Cinaloa. See Sinaloa.
Cineas, a Thessalian, the minister of Pyr-rhus, king of Epirus. He possessed great ora--torical powers, and Pyrrhus said that his eloquence had won him more cities than his own arms. The most remarkable episode of his life was his being despatched by Pvrrhus to Eome after the battle of Heraclea (280 B. 0.), to offer the Romans peace. His wonderful memory enabled him to address all the Roman senators by name; and although the terms which he offered were hard, his persuasive power was so great that he would perhaps have succeeded had he not been defeated by the eloquence of old Appius Claudius the Blind. On his return he told Pyrrhus that the city of Rome was like a temple, the Roman senate an assembly of kings, and that to fight with the Roman people was to fight with the Hydra. In 278 he was again sent to Rome with an offer of more favorable terms, and was successful. He then went as ambassador to Sicily, and is supposed to have died there.