Cleobis And Biton. See Biton and Cleobis.
Cleombrotus I., a king of Sparta of the Agid line, son of Pausanias, succeeded his brother Agesipolis I., 380 B. C. In 378 he was sent into Bceotia at the head of an army, but as he returned without effecting anything, he was not again intrusted with command till 370, when the illness of his colleague Agesilaus compelled the ephors to appoint him once more general-in-chief, but he again returned without result. In 374 he was sent into Pho-cis with an army to aid the Phocians in repelling the Thebans from their territory, which he effected without any contest. He remained in Phocis till 371, when he received orders to enter Boeotia and commence offensive operations against the Thebans. Having captured Creusis and 12 triremes in its harbor, he advanced to Leuctra, where he rashly gave battle to Epaminondas on ill-chosen ground and was totally defeated. He displayed heroic bravery, and was fatally wounded.
Cleomedes, a Greek astronomer, who flourished probably in the 1st century, was the author of a treatise on the "Circular Theory of the Heavenly Bodies," which is still extant. It consists of two books, the first of which treats of the universe in general, of the zones, of the motions of the stars and planets, of day and night, and of the magnitude and figure of the earth. The most interesting dissertations in the second book are on the magnitude of the sun and moon, and on the illumination, phases, and eclipses of the moon. The latest and best editions of this work are by Backe (Leyden, 1820), with a Latin translation and comments by Balfour; and by C. C. T. Schmidt (Leipsic, 1832).
Clermont, a S. W. county of Ohio, separated from Kentucky on the S. and S. W. by the Ohio river, touched on the N. W. corner by the Little Miami, and intersected by one of its branches; area, 462 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 34,268. The soil is fertile, and the surface rolling and hilly. The Marietta and Cincinnati and the Cincinnati and Muskingum Valley railroads touch the N. W. corner. The chief productions in 1870 were 181,532 bushels of wheat, 878,027 of Indian corn, 325,755 of oats, 308,006 of potatoes, 19,535 tons of hay, 769,-133 lbs. of butter, 39,425 of wool, and 1,219,-762 of tobacco. There were 8,107 horses, 6,837 milch cows, 5,848 other cattle, 12,762 sheep, and 25,028 swine; 8 grist mills, 13 saw mills, 2 distilleries, 24 manufactories of furniture, and 1 of woollen goods. Capital, Batavia.
Clermont-Lherault, Or Clermont-Lodevc, a town of France, in the department of Herault, 22 m. W. of Montpellier; pop. in 1866, 6,050. Cloth, silks, leather, cutlery, and pottery are manufactured here. The church of St. Guel-helm-le-I)esert is a fine Romanesque structure.
Cliarles Dndley Warner, an American author, born in Plainfield, Mass., Sept. 12, 1829. He graduated at Hamilton college in 1851, was connected with a surveying party on the Missouri frontier, studied law in New York, in 1856 was admitted to the bar in Philadelphia, and practised in Chicago till 1860. He then became assistant editor, and subsequently editor of the Hartford (Conn.) "Press," and in 1867 assistant "editor of the Hartford "Courant." He has published "My Summer in a Garden" (Boston, 1871); "Saunterings," an account of travels in Europe (1872); "BackLog Studies"(1872); with Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain), "The Gilded Age," a novel (Hartford, 1873); and "Mummies and Moslems," travels in Egypt (1876).