Cochituate Lake

Cochituate Lake, a small sheet of water in the towns of Wayland, Framingham, and Natick, Middlesex co., Mass., 17 m. W. by S. of Boston, which is supplied from it with water. It covers 650 acres.


Cockatrice, generally identified with the basilisk, a fabulous, serpent-like animal, which was believed to be produced from a hen's egg. The superstition prevailed among the ancients and during the middle ages. (See Basilisk.)


Cocke, an E. county of Tennessee, bounded N. W. by the Nolichucky river; area, about 270 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,458, of whom 1,274 were colored. It borders on North Carolina, and is traversed by French Broad and Big Pigeon rivers. The surface is mountainous and well wooded. Iron or Smoky mountain, on the S. E. border, is the principal range. It is traversed by the Cincinnati, Cumberland Gap, and Charleston railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 79,007 bushels of wheat, 388,867 of Indian corn, 45,259 of oats, and 88,263 lbs. of butter. There were 1,994horses, 2,830 milch cows, 4,866 other cattle, 9,730 sheep, and 19,297 swine. Capital, Newport.


Cockermouth, a market town and parliamentary borough of Cumberland, England, at the confluence of the Cocker and Derwent, 24 m. S. W. of Carlisle; pop. in 1871, 7,057. The ruins of a castle, founded toward the close of the 11th century, and razed by the parliamentary forces in 1648, are on a height on the left bank of the Cocker. The town has a free grammar school, some almshouses, and manufactures of linens, woollens, cottons, hats, and hosiery. Near it are extensive coal mines. The poet Wordsworth was born here.


Cockle, the common name of the bivalve shells of the genus cardium, universally distributed, of which about 200 living species are known, besides about 270 fossil species belonging to the upper Silurian formation. The shell is of ventricose form with prominent um-bones. The animal is furnished with a powerfnl foot adapted for burrowing in the sand; and by first bending and then suddenly straightening it, he can also use it to throw himself a considerable distance. C. edule lives in the brackish water of the Thames as high as Graves-end, and is found in the Baltic, Black sea, and Caspian. On the coast of Devon a large prickly species (C. acaleatum) is eaten. The cockle of the New England coast is the C. Islandicum.

Cockle (Cardium edule).

Cockle (Cardium edule).

Cocoanit Oil, Or Cocoanut Butter

Cocoanit Oil, Or Cocoanut Butter, the fixed oil of the fruit of cocos nucifera, obtained either by expression or decoction. It is of a fine white color, of the consistence of lard at ordinarv temperatures, becoming solid between 40° and"' 50° F., and liquid at 80°; of a bland taste and a peculiar and not disagreeable odor. It contains various - solid and volatile acids. This oil, or fat, should not be confounded with cocoa or cacao butter (oleum iheobromaz), which is obtained from the cacao nut. It is somewhat used in pharmacy as a substitute for lard, over which it has some advantages, and in medicine as a substitute for cod liver oil. The liquid part of the fat, or coco-oleine, has also been used for the same purposes.