See Uranus.

Coffey, A S. E. County Of Kansas

A S. E. County Of Kansas Coffey, intersected by the Neosho river; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,201. The Missouri, Kansas, and Texas railroad crosses it. The chief productions in 1870 were 47,745 bushels of wheat, 268,218 of Indian corn, 90,190 of oats, 26,879 of potatoes, 14,275 tons of hay, 140,602 lbs. of butter, and 36,702 of wool. There were 2,762 horses, 3,459 milch cows, 6,247 other cattle, 11,917 sheep, and 2,855 swine; 5 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 3 of saddlery and harness, 1 of woollen goods, 2 flour mills, and 7 saw mills. Capital, Burlington.


Cognac, a town of France, in the department of Charente, 22 m. W. of Angouleme; pop. in 1866, 9,412. It is situated upon an eminence on the left bank of the Charente, and is well built. It enjoys a great celebrity on account of the brandy to which it has given its name. All the brandy of Charente and Cha-rente-Inferieure is sold as Cognac, but the genuine article is made in the immediate vicinity of the town; the best second qualities are produced at Blanzac, Jarnac, Rouillac, Aigre, and Ruffec. The whole trade in brandy amounts to about 80,000,000 francs annually. The town also has a trade in cattle, sheep, grain, spirits, and truffles. An ancient castle, in which Francis I. was born, is now used for a brandy warehouse.


Cognates, in Scotch law, collateral kindred on the mother's side, as agnates are collateral kindred on the father's side. The terms were employed in the Roman civil law somewhat differently, agnates being persons related through males only, while cognates might trace relationship through one or more female links. Thus, a brother's son was the uncle's agnate, but a sister's son was his cognate. Generally speaking, however, cognates were all who were descended from a common ancestor through a legal marriage, and the term included agnates also.


Cognovit, a plea in an action at law which admits the cause of action, and expresses or by implication consents that judgment may be entered up for the plaintiff. In a suit to recover damages, the plea may or may not admit the amount due. If it does, and the plaintiff accepts the admission, he may enter up judgment therefor. If it does not, there must be an assessment of damages by court or jury. A warrant of attorney for the execution of a cognovit is sometimes demanded and taken when a debt is created; and by means of it, if payment is not made, judgment may be entered up without delay.


Cohosh, an Indian name applied to cimicifuga racemosa (Gray), or black snakeroot, a plant of the order ranuncu-lacece. Two varieties of actcea spicata are known respectively as red and white cohosh. The black snakeroot has a perennial root and herbaceous stem, which rises to the height of 4 to 8 ft., and grows in shady woods from Canada to Florida. Its physiological action has not been well determined, but it is regarded as a stimulant tonic, and is said to diminish both the force and frequency of the pulse. It has been used in a great variety of diseases, most frequently perhaps in rheumatism and cholera, and has had a reputation in snake bites. Cimicifugine is a name improperly applied to an impure resin derived from this plant. - The name cohosh, or blue cohosh, is also given to caulophyllum thalictroides or pappoose root.

Cohosh (Actea spicata).

Cohosh (Actea spicata).