Coppermine River, in British America, rises in Lake Providence, about lat. 65° N., lon. 112° W., flows a little W. of N. to just beyond the Arctic circle, when it bends abruptly W., after which its course is a little E. of N. to its mouth in the Duke of York's archipelago, an inlet of the Arctic ocean, at lat. 67° 40' N., lon. 115° 37' W. It flows through a very uneven region, and forms several lakes and many rapids and cataracts, but is navigable by canoes and boats. Its length is about 300 m. Fur-bearing animals,, such as the bear, the fox, and the ermine, abound along its banks. The river derives its name from a copper mine discovered near its mouth. The region through which the Coppermine flows was first explored in 1821 by Sir John Franklin. Its mouth was the first point on the Arctic coast of America visited by Europeans.
Coppet, a village of the canton of Yaud, Switzerland, on the lake and 9 m. N. of the city of Geneva; pop. 500. In the chateau of Coppet the philosopher Bayle was at one time a teacher in the family of Count Dohna. The chateau was afterward the residence of M. Necker and of his daughter Mme. de Stael; and it is at present a summer residence of Baron Rothschild.
Coptis, gold thread, a genus of the natural order ranunculacece, which inhabits the northern regions of this continent and of Asia, and is found in Greenland and Iceland. C. trifolia, the only native species, is a pretty little evergreen, growing in moist woods, which derives its English name from the bright yellow color of its slender roots. The yellow color, as well as the bitterness which pervades the whole plant, and especially the root, is due to the presence of the alkaloid berberina. Its virtues are simply those of a mild bitter tonic. In New England it is employed as a local application in ulcerations of the mouth.
Coquilla Nuts, the fruit of the Brazilian tree attalea funifera (Martius) or cocos lapidea (Gartner). The nuts are nearly solid shells, commonly containing two small kernels of disagreeable flavor. They are valued only for the solid portion of the shell, which is of very close texture, brittle and hard, and of a hazel-brown color. It is susceptible of a high polish, works well in the lathe, and is an excellent material for small ornamental works, as toys, heads of umbrellas, parasols, etc.
Coquilla Nut and Palm.
Corato, a town of S. Italy, in the province and 25 m. N. W. of the city of Bari; pop. in 1871, 26,220. It contains a fine collegiate church, several convents, and an orphan asylum, and carries on a considerable trade in olives. It was founded by the Normans in the 11th century.
Corban, a Hebrew word occurring in the Greek of the New Testament (Mark vii. 11), where it is translated a "gift." It designates on oblation to God, and has reference to a formula of consecration, by using which, under pretence of dedicating anything as his property to God, a person might prohibit the use of it to his parents or to any party to whom it was thus made corban. Property so dedicated went into the treasury of the temple and the keeping of the Pharisees, who held that when the formula was once spoken, even if in anger, the speaker was relieved of any duty to aid another with what he had so devoted.