Corporal (Ital. caporale, from Lat. caput, a head), the lowest officer in a company of infantry, between a private and a sergeant. He does duty in the ranks as a private, but has charge of a squad at drill, and places and relieves the sentinels.


Corporale (from Lat. corpus, a body), in the Roman Catholic and Greek churches, the fine linen cloth extended upon the altar, on which the priest deposits the elements in the sacrament of the eucharist. It is regarded as representing the shroud in which the body of Christ was enveloped after his death. From its sacredness it was sometimes touched by a person taking an oath, to give greater solemnity to the act; whence the name of corporal oaths.

Corpus Juris

See Civil Law.


Corry, a city of Erie co., Pa., 27 m. S. E. of Erie; pop. in 1870, 6,809. The first building was erected on its site in August, 1861, after the discovery of petroleum, the refining and trade in which still form its principal branch of industry. It was incorporated as a city in 1866. The Philadelphia and Erie, the Atlantic and Great Western, the Buffalo, Corry, and Pittsburgh, and the Oil Greek and Alleghany River railroads intersect here. There are several churches, two banks, machine shops, oil refineries, oil warehouses, tanneries, steam saw mills, and two daily and two weekly newspapers. In 1871 there were 17 schools, of which one was a high school, with 20 teachers and 868 pupils.


Corte, a town of Corsica, on the Tavignano, 35 m. N. E. of Ajaccio; pop. in 1866, 6,094. It has a court, a communal college, and the Paoli school, established in 1836 with a fund of 25,000 francs bequeathed for that purpose by Paoli, who was a native of Corte.

Cortes (Formerly Puerto Caballos)

Cortes (Formerly Puerto Caballos), a port of Honduras, opening on the bay of Honduras, in lat. 15° 49' N., lon. 87° 57' W. It is the Atlantic terminus of the Honduras interoceanic railway. The port is of large capacity, being not less than 9 m. in circumference, and for more than two thirds of its area it has from 4 to 12 fathoms of water. Connected with the bay is a large salt-water lagoon, about 2 m. long and 1 1/4 m. broad, with an average depth of 24 ft. There are no marshes to affect the healthfulness of the locality, and it offers every condition necessary for the building and support of a large city. Cortes in his expedition into Honduras founded here a town which he called Natividad. For more than two centuries it was the principal port on the coast, but during the domination of the buccaneers the harbor was found to be too large to be easily defended, and the settlement was removed to Omoa, 10 m. S. W.

Cortetz, Or Cortitz

Cortetz, Or Cortitz, an island of Russia. See Kortetz.


Corundum, the name of a mineral species which includes several varieties, as sapphire, emery, corundum, etc. They consist of alumina in a greater or less degree of purity. Sapphire is crystallized alumina, free of impurities; emery, a granular variety; and corundum comprises the opaque qualities which are for the most part of dark colors. They are remarkable for their hardness, being inferior only to the diamond in this respect. (See Emerald, Emery, and Sapphire).