Craig, a S. W. county of Virginia, named from Craig's creek, by the sources of which it is drained; area, about 250 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,942, of whom 230 were colored. The surface is mountainous, and the principal range of the Alleghanies extends along the N. W. border. The valleys are generally fertile, and produce corn, wheat, oats, and hay. The chief productions in 1870 were 23,854 bushels of wheat, 44,242 of Indian corn, 31,486 of oats, 1,605 tons of hay, and 48,080 lbs. of butter. There were 952 horses, 1,049 milch cows, 1,912 other cattle, 3,106 sheep, and 3,442 swine. Capital, New Castle.
Craighead, a N. E. county of Arkansas, touching Missouri at its N. E. corner, and intersected by Lake St. Francis; area, 950 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,577, of whom 253 were colore'd. It is drained by Cache and L'Anguille rivers and Bayou Devieu. Crowley's ridge extends through the centre. The surface is level, and the soil in parts fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 7,619 bushels of wheat, 122,395 of Indian corn, 12,498 of sweet potatoes, 1,298 bales of cotton, and 13,238 lbs. of tobacco. There were 1,016 horses, 1,703 milch cows, 3,012 other cattle, 2,396 sheep, and 8,448 swine. Capital, Jonesboro.
Crantor Of Soli, an academic philosopher and the first commentator on Plato, flourished at the close of the 4th century B. C. He studied under Xenocrates, and was the author of several works, all of which have perished. Most of his writings related to ethical or metaphysical subjects. One of his most celebrated productions was a treatise "On Grief" of which Cicero made liberal use in his "Tusculan Questions," and in the Consolatio, composed by him on the death of his daughter.
Crape (Fr. crepe, from Lat. crispus, crisp), a delicate transparent fabric, made of raw silk, used chiefly in mourning. Crapes are either crisped or smooth. The crisped which are double require that the silk should be spun harder than for the single, as the degree of twist regulates the crisping. In Europe crape was first made at Bologna. In France crapes are mainly produced at Lyons, where the manufacture was introduced about the middle of the 17th century. In England they are manufactured at Norwich and Yarmouth. China crape, a quite different fabric, for a long time baffled all attempts at imitation, but the process of manufacture was at last discovered by M. Dugas of St. Chamond, France.
Craterus, a favorite general of Alexander the Great, killed in 321 B. C. When Alexander died in 323 Craterus was on his way to Macedonia, of which he was to be regent, in place of Antipater, then regent, who was to lead reinforcements to Asia. In the distribution of the empire, these two received in common the government of Macedonia, Greece, Illyria, and a part of Epirus; Antipater commanding the army, and Craterus exercising the civil functions. They acted in harmony in the Lamian war, in that against the Aetolians, and finally against Perdiccas in Egypt and Eumenes in Cappadocia. Craterus fell in a battle with Eumenes.