Crewe, a town of Cheshire, England, 20 m. S. E. of Chester; pop. about 18,000. A few years ago it was an insignificant village, having in 1841 a population of 396; but it is now an important railway centre, from which diverge various branches of the London and Northwestern railway. This company has here extensive locomotive and carriage-making shops, rolling mills, forges, and general repairing works, which give employment to a large number of hands. The town is well built and paved, is lighted with gas, and well supplied with water. Among the public buildings are two churches, a number of chapels, a news room, library, assembly room, and baths. The houses built by the railway company for workmen are remarkably neat and comfortable.
Cribbage, a game played by two persons with a full pack of 52 cards. The points constituting the game, 61 in number, are scored by pegs on a board perforated with the necessary number of holes, called the cribbage board. The advantage lies with the dealer, who makes up a third hand for himself, called the crib, partly out of the hand of his opponent, to offset which the latter at the commencement of the game is entitled to score three points.
There is a variety of this game called three-handed cribbage, played by three persons with a triangular board. Four-handed cribbage is played by four persons in partnership of two and two, as in whist.
Crimmitschau, Or Crimmitzschau, a town of Saxony, on both sides of the Pleisse, 35 m. S. of Leipsic, with which it is connected by railway; pop. in 1871, 15,280. It has very extensive manufactories of woollen and cotton goods, to which more recently the manufacture of machinery has been added.
Crispin And Crispinian, the tutelary saints of shoemakers, put to death about A. D. 287. The tradition is that they were brothers belonging to a noble Roman family; that, becoming converts to Christianity, they took refuge in Gaul from the persecution under Diocletian; and that they preached the gospel at Soissons by day and exercised the trade of shoemakers by night. They had converted multitudes before their martyrdom under Maximian. Their names are found in the principal early martyr-ologies, and their festival is observed on Oct. 25. They were the patrons of the religious community of freres cordonniers, founded in Paris in 1645, suppressed in 1789, and which has since reappeared and been dissolved.
Crispus Attucks, a mulatto, or half-Indian, resident of Framingham, Mass., one of the persons killed on the evening of March 5, 1770, in the affray known as the "Boston Massacre." John Adams, in his defence of the soldiers, accuses him of having been the principal leader of the attack on the British troops. His body was placed with that of Caldwell in Faneuil hall, and from that building it was borne with great ceremony by the people, and buried in the city burial ground, in one vault with the other victims of the riot.