Crissa, an ancient town of Phocis, called "the divine" by Homer. It occupied a beautiful situation at the foot of Mount Parnassus, with lofty mountain heights towering above it, and with the beautiful Crissaean plain spread out beneath it. The modern town of Chryso, occupying the same site, contains some few remains of this city. Crissa and Cirrha were long regarded by scholars as but different names for the same place, but Ulrichs, Leake, and Grote have shown that Cirrha was the port town of Crissa. The taxes which Cirrha levied upon pilgrims on their way to Delphi caused the first "sacred war," which resulted in the destruction of the town. The fate of Crissa itself is not known.

Cristoval De Castillejo

Cristoval De Castillejo, a Spanish poet, born at Ciudad Rodrigo toward the close of the 15th century, died in Vienna probably in 1556. Attached from the age of 15 to Ferdinand, the younger brother of Charles V., and afterward emperor of Germany, he subsequently officiated as secretary to that prince. He was a zealous champion of the old Spanish poets, and a decided opponent of the new Italian school. One of his most fanciful and characteristic poems is entitled "Transformation of a Drunkard into a Mosquito." His poetry, though circulated in manuscript, was forbidden by the inquisition, but a selection was permitted to be printed in 1573. His works were published in Antwerp in 1598, in Madrid in 1600, and reprinted in Fernandez's "Collection of Spanish Poets," 1792.


Critias, an Athenian pupil of Gorgias the Leontine and of Socrates, killed in 404 B. C. He was a man of uncommon energy of character, possessed high and varied culture, but was destitute of moral principle. He was at once politician, poet, and orator. Some fragments of his elegies are still extant; a work of his on politics is sometimes mentioned, and Cicero tells us that some of his speeches, then extant, would place him as an orator by the side of Pericles. But he is now known in history mainly as the cruel and vindictive leader of the thirty tyrants. In that memorable but brief reign of terror which immediately succeeded the Peloponnesian war, he rioted in slaughter and blood. He was conspicuous among his colleagues for rapacity and violence, and punished with death the suggestion of moderate measures. He was slain in an engagement with Thrasybulus, who shortly after delivered the city.


Crito, a friend and disciple of Socrates, whom he is said to have supported with his fortune. He made every arrangement for the escape of his master from prison, and used every argument to induce him to save his life by fleeing from his persecutors. His eloquence was however in vain, and Socrates drank the fatal cup (339 B. C). Crito is a prominent interlocutor in one of Plato's dialogues, which is named after him. He was himself a voluminous philosophical writer, but all his writings have perished.