Curling, a favorite Scottish game, played on the ice with large spherical stones, flattened so that their length shall be equal to twice their thickness. They are carefully selected, so that they shall not be liable to break, have their under side polished, and vary in weight from 30 to 45 lbs. They have handles of wood or iron by which they are impelled over the ice. The path in which the stones move is called the rink, and may be from 30 to 50 yards long, and 8 or 9 ft. in breadth. At each end of the rink a mark or hole is made in the ice, called the tee. The players are divided into two parties, and each person endeavors either to leave his own stone as near the tee as possible, or to remove those of the opposite party, or to guard those of his own side. When all have played, the one nearest the tee counts one, and the second, third, etc, if of the same side, count each one more. The side which first scores 31 wins.
See Atlantic Ocean.
Current River, an affluent of Black river, rises in Texas co., Missouri, and has a S. E. course of over 250 m. to near Pocahontas, Randolph co., Arkansas. It is navigable by flat-boats, and abounds in excellent fish. Jack's Fork is its principal branch.
Currituck, the N. E. county of North Carolina, bordering on Virginia, named from a tribe of Indians who formerly occupied the territory; area about 200 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,131, of whom 1,140 were colored. It embraces several islands separated from the mainland by Currituck sound. The surface is level, and the soil sandy. The area has recently been somewhat diminished by the taking of a portion to form Dare county. The chief productions in 1870 were 270,699 bushels of Indian corn, 14,380 of Irish and 69,708 of sweet potatoes, and 64 bales of cotton. There were 711 horses, 1,154 milch cows, 2,513 other cattle, 2,409 sheep, and 10,012 swine. Capital, Currituck Court House.
Curtesy, the estate which at the common law the surviving husband has in the estates of inheritance of which the wife died seized. In order to this estate it is necessary that the relation of marriage should continue until the wife's decease, and that issue of the marriage should be born alive which by possibility might have inherited the estate; and-then the husband surviving shall have a freehold estate for his life. The Scotch law is similar. The sweeping terms employed in some of the American statutes, passed to secure to married women the control of their property, have probably had the effect to abolish this estate in some of the states.
Curve, Or Curved Line, in geometry, a line which continually and continuously changes its direction. In the higher geometry, a curve is a line in which the coordinates of each point fulfil the same laws. (See Analytical Geometry.) The circumference of a circle is the simplest of all curves. It is taken as the measure of curvature. The circle which would exactly fit any curve at any point is called the circle of curvature or osculatory circle at that point, and its radius, the radius of curvature. A law by which this radius increases and diminishes in going to different points is usually considered the most vital law of the curve.