Daitholomeu Dias, a Portuguese navigator, born about the middle of the 15th century, lost at sea, May 20, 1500, while on his way from Brazil to India. In 1486 he sailed on an expedition to explore the W. coast of Africa, and without knowing it was carried around the southern point of the continent and landed at the mouth of Great Fish river, where he discovered that he was on the E. coast. The stormy cape, which he doubled on his return in 1487, he called Cabo Tormentoso, a name which the king of Portugal changed into Cabo de Boa Esperanga or Cape of Good Hope. He subsequently sailed on another African expedition under Vasco da Gama; and he commanded one of the vessels in the fleet with which Cabral discovered Brazil. It was on this expedition that he perished.
See Dudley, and Percy.
Dal Elf, a river of Sweden, formed by the union of the Oster and "Wester Dal Elf. The former rises in the N. W. corner of the lan of Kopparberg, near Norway, and flows S. E., forming in it's course Lake Siljan. Part of the course of the Wester Dal Elf is nearly parallel with that of the eastern branch. After their junction, W. of the town of Fahlun, the Dal Elf flows first S. E., and then widening into a succession of lakes flows N. E. to the gulf of Bothnia. It is only navigable by rafts, except near its mouth.
Dale, a S. E. county of Alabama, drained by the Choctawhatchee river; former area about 900 sq. m., but a portion has recently been taken to form Geneva county; pop. in 1870, 11,325, of whom 1,797 were colored. The surface is hilly and mostly occupied by pine forests. The soil is sandy and unproductive. The chief productions in 1870 were 225,364 bushels of Indian corn, 49,728 of sweet potatoes, 41,391 lbs. of butter, 34,152 of rice, 4,273 bales of cotton, and 29,594 gallons of molasses. There were 1,109 horses, 2,752 milch cows, 5,468 other cattle, 4,716 sheep, and 17,637 swine. Capital, Newton.
Dalecarlia, Or Dalarne, the ancient name of a province of Sweden which corresponded nearly with the present lan of Fahlun or Kop-parberg. The word Dalecarlia was formed from Dalkarl (valley man), the inhabitants being so called from the Dal Elf (Valley river), which flows through the district. They are noted for honesty, courage, and hospitality. It was among the mountains of Dalecarlia that Gustavus Vasa took refuge from the Danish king Christian II., and by the aid of the Dale-carlians he was first enabled to make head against Denmark in 1521. The brother of the present king of Sweden bears the title of duke of Dalecarlia.
Dalton, a town and the capital of Whitfield co., Georgia, about 80 m. N. N. W. of Atlanta, at the intersection of a branch of the East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia railroad with the Western and Atlantic and the Selma, Rome, and Dalton lines; pop. in 1870, 1,809, of whom 439 were colored. It is beautifully situated in a valley environed by mountains, and has an extensive trade in grain. It was an important position in Gen. Sherman's advance upon Atlanta. It was occupied by the confederate forces under Gen. Johnston during the winter of 1863-'4, and strongly fortified, but was evacuated by them, May 12, 1864, in consequence of a flank movement of the federals, which threatened Resaca.