Damocles, one of the courtiers of Dionysius the Elder, tyrant of Syracuse. As related by Cicero, Damocles had extolled the happiness of Dionysius in being a rich and powerful king, and the latter, wishing to show him the nature of that happiness, placed him one day at a magnificent banquet, with a naked sword suspended above his head by a single hair.
Damon And Pythias, two celebrated Syra-cusans, whose names are always joined as the types of true and noble friendship. They were both Pythagoreans. Pythias, or correctly Phintias, was condemned to death by Dionysius the Elder, but requested to be temporarily released in order to arrange his affairs, promising to procure a friend to take his place and suffer his punishment if he should not return. Pythias was allowed to depart, and Damon gave himself up as his substitute. Before the time for the execution Pythias returned, and Dionysius set both of them free.
Dan, a river of Virginia and North Carolina, which rises at the foot of the Blue Ridge in Patrick co., Va., and flows S. E. into Stokes co., N. C. It then turns to the east, and after a winding course of 200 m., during which it five times crosses the boundary between the two . states, and drains a tract of 4,000 sq. m., it unites with the Staunton or Roanoke river at Clarksville, Ya. It is navigable by boats as far as Danville, Va.
Danae, in Greek mythology, the daughter of Acrisius, king of Argos, and mother of Perseus. An oracle had predicted that a son of Danae would one day kill Acrisius, and the latter, to prevent the fulfilment of the prophecy, shut up Danae in a brazen tower. But Jupiter visited her by transforming himself into a shower of gold and descending through the roof, and Danae gave birth to a son. Acrisius placed the mother and child in a chest, and cast them into the sea; but Jupiter watched over their safety, and wafted them to the island of Seriphus, where they were kindly received by King Polydectes. Perseus grew up, and did afterward kill his grandfather by an accident. Another legend relates that Danae went to Italy, where she became the mother of Daunus, the ancestor of Turnus, who was king of the Rutuli when AEneas arrived in Italy.
Danegelt (Sax. gelt, money), an ancient tax paid by the Saxons in England, either for buying peace with the Danes, or for making preparations against the inroads of that nation. It was first paid in 991, when a band of Northmen attacked Ipswich, and advanced through an unguarded country as far as Maldon. Instead of meeting the enemy in the field, King Ethelred accepted the counsel of his nobles, and purchased the retreat of the invaders by a bribe of £10,000 in silver. This soon became a permanent tax under the name of Danegelt, assessed upon landed property. The last instance of its payment was in 1173.
Daniclc Bartoli, an Italian author, born in Ferrara, Feb. 12, 1608, died in Rome, Jan. 13, 1685. He entered the society of Jesus at the age of 15, and was sent to Rome in 1650 to write the history of the order, and in 1671 was appointed rector of the Roman college. His Istoria delict compagnia di Gesu (5 vols, fol., Rome, 1653-'63; 12 vols., Turin, 1825) is in five parts, three relating to the East, including China, Japan, and Mongolia, one to Italy, and one to England, chiefly in the times of Elizabeth and James I. He wrote also Vita e Is-tituto di 8. Ignazio (1689), which has been widely circulated in English; and V Homo di lettere, also translated into English.