David Colbreth Broderick, an American politician, born in Washington, D. C, in December, 1818, killed in San Francisco, Sept. 21, 1859. In early life he worked as a stone mason in New York, and was connected with the fire department, of which he became engineer. In 1846 he was an unsuccessful candidate for congress. He removed to California in 1849, and in 1850 was elected to the state senate, and in 1856 to the United States senate, where he opposed the attempt to force slavery into Kansas by means of the Lecompton constitution. On account of some expressions used in debate he was challenged by David S. Terry, a judge of the California courts, and was killed in the duel which ensued.
David Cox, an English landscape painter, born in Birmingham in 1793, died in 1859. His paintings, chiefly on Welsh subjects, are in water colors, small, and apparently careless, but full of the impression and effect of nature. He succeeded best in sketching rain and wind, bursts of sunshine on dark moors, and the dank herbage of marshes. He published in 1814 a "Treatise on Landscape Painting in Water Colors," which is still considered the best series of lessons on water-color painting. His son David is also a painter of ability.
David Cranz, a German missionary and historian, born in Pomerania in 1723, died at Gnadenfrei, Silesia, June 6, 1777. He became in 1747 secretary to Count Zinzendorf, entered a community of Moravians, went in 1761 as missionary to Greenland, and after his return in 1766 was successively pastor at Rixdorf and at Gnadenfrei. He wrote Historie von Gron-land (Barby, 1765; 2d ed., with additions, 1770), and Bruder-Historie, or history of the Moravian Brethren (1771; continued by Heg-ner, 1791-1816).
David Douglas, a British botanist, born in Scone, Scotland, in 1798, killed in the Hawaiian islands, July 12, 1834. He was employed as a laborer in the Glasgow botanic garden, where his intelligence attracted the notice of Dr. (afterward Sir William) Hooker, who procured for him an appointment as botanical collector to the horticultural society of London. In this capacity he travelled extensively in America; in 1824 explored the Columbia river and California, and in 1827 traversed the continent from Fort Vancouver to Hudson bay, where he met Sir John Franklin, and returned with him to England. He made a second visit to the Columbia in 1829, and went to the Hawaiian islands. There he fell into a pit made for wild cattle, and was killed and mutilated by an animal previously entrapped. Through his agency 217 new species of plants were introduced into England. He collected 800 specimens of the California flora.
David Hale, an American journalist, born at Lisbon, Conn., April 25, 1791, died at Fredericksburg, Va., Jan. 20, 1849. His father was a clergyman, from whom and in the common school he received his education. In 1809 he went to Boston, where he entered into mercantile business, and also contributed to newspapers. In 1827 he removed to New York to become commercial editor of the "Journal of Commerce," of which in the following year he became one of the proprietors. The "Journal" soon acquired an influential position, and afforded a large income to its owners. Mr. Hale contributed largely to benevolent and religious enterprises, and for many years supported several missionaries in the thinly settled parts of the country. A memoir of him by the Rev. J. P. Thompson, embracing some of his writings, was published in 1849.