Decker, Or Dekker, Thomas

Decker, Or Dekker, Thomas, an English dramatic author, of the reign of James I., supposed to have died about 1638. He quarrelled with Ben Jonson, who, representing himself as Horace, satirized Decker as Crispinus in "The Poetaster," to which Decker replied by attacking Jonson in his "Satyromastix" under the name of "Young Horace." Decker wrote plays in conjunction with Massinger, Webster, and Ford, and was the sole author of several, of which "The Honest Whore" is considered the best; Hazlitt says it "unites the simplicity of prose with the graces of poetry." He wrote also many small works of a humorous cast, in the most important of which, "Gull's Hornbook" (London, 1609; new ed. by Dr. Nott, 4to, 1812), he ridicules the follies of London fashionable life. He was very poor, and is said to have spent three years in prison.


Dedham, a town and the capital of Norfolk co., Mass., on Charles river, 10 m. S. W. of Boston; pop. in 1870, 7,342. It is connected with Boston by a branch of the Boston and Providence railroad, and is a favorite residence for persons doing business in that city. The court house is a handsome granite building, having a Doric portico on each front. The jail is of hewn stone and well arranged. A canal 3 m. long, from Charles to Neponset river, gives a good supply of water power, which is used chiefly for cotton and woollen mills. Of the latter there are two, with a capital of $900,000, and of the former one, with a capital of $30,000. There are two manufactories of cabinet ware, two of castings, etc, a rolling mill, a carpet factory, two tanneries, and a national bank. There are good schools, including a high school, churches of various denominations, and two weekly newspapers.

Deed Of Defeasance

Deed Of Defeasance, an instrument which defeats the force or operation of some other deed or of some estate. The event which is to defeat a conveyance or other deed may either be specified therein, in which case it is called a condition, or it may be declared by a separate defeasance; as in the case of a mortgage, where one deed may convey the land and also declare that the conveyance shall be defeated on payment of the money secured, or the conveyance may be by ordinary deed, and a separate defeasance given back by the grantee. Where the defeasance is thus separate, the rules of execution, acknowledgment, and recording are the same as with other deeds.

Deep River

Deep River, one of the head streams of Cape Fear river, North Carolina. It rises in Guilford co., flows S. E. through Randolph co., then nearly due E. into Chatham co., where it unites with Haw river to form the Cape Fear. It is about 100 m. long, and furnishes good water power. It has been rendered navigable from its mouth to the coal mines in Chatham co.

Deep-Sea Soundings

See Atlantic Ocean, vol. ii., p. 69.

Deer Grass (Rhexia Virginica Linn)

Deer Grass (Rhexia Virginica Linn), the New England representative of the Asiatic family of plants called melastomacece, of which only eight species are found in the United States. The flowers, in common with those of the family, are conspicuous and showy, with bright purple petals, and the meadows are unusually gay when sprinkled with patches of this plant, entitling it 'to its common name of meadow beauty.

Deer Grass (Rhexia Virginica).

Deer Grass (Rhexia Virginica).