Demos, Or Deme (Gr. people), the name applied to the 100, in later times 174, smaller districts into which Attica, including Athens, was divided, and 10 of which formed a phyle. Each demos had its own municipal officers, its assemblies, and even separate religious usages. The demarch was the representative of its interests. The chief of the executive summoned the assemblies, and had the management of the public estates and police.
Demotica, a town of European Turkey, in Roumelia, 26 m. S. of Adrianople; pop. about 8,000. It is situated on the Maritza, at the foot of a conical hill, on the summit of which stands a citadel, wherein is a palace that was occasionally occupied by the Turkish sultans .while Adrianople was the capital of their empire. It is the seat of a Greek archbishop, has several Greek churches, a mosque, schools, public baths, and manufactures of cotton and woollen. Charles XII. of Sweden found a retreat in this town for some time after his defeat at Poltava. The greater part of the town was burned in 1845.
Demurrer, in law, an exception by a party to a suit to the sufficiency of the pleading of the opposite party. In the common law courts a demurrer may be general or special; the former specifying no particular ground of objection, and therefore raising only the question of the sufficiency in substance of the pleading demurred to; the latter being a specification of certain objections to the form of the pleading. It may be interposed by either party to the last pleading of his opponent, but on the argument the sufficiency of any prior pleading may be inquired into, and judgment will be given against the party committing the first substantial error. In equity the demurrer is only applicable to the complainant's bill. A demurrer always raises a question of law to be determined by the court; but if the pleading demurred to is held bad, liberty to amend is usually given, unless the case is such that amendment can be of no avail.
Denain, a town of France, in the department of Le Nord, on the left bank of the Scheldt, which is here navigable, and on the Northern railway, 6 m. W. S. W. of Valenciennes, and 14 m. E. S. E. of Douai. Owing to the successful working of the neighboring coal and iron mines, the population increased from 900 in 1826 to 11,022 in 1866. The town has manufactories of iron and of beet sugar. Denain was the scene of a brilliant victory achieved in 1712 by the French under Villars over an army of the allies commanded by the earl of Albemarle.
A Roman Silver Coin Denarius, containing at first 10, and afterward 16 ases, first coined in 269 B. C. The average weight of a large number of denarii shows them to have contained about as much silver as three half dimes of our currency. The denarius aureus was a gold coin, the average value and weight of which it is difficult to determine. The specimens in the British museum differ much in these respects. The gold denarius does not seem to have been in common use in Rome.
Roman Denarius (exact size).