Dobeln,

Dobeln, a town of Saxony, on the Mulde and on the railway from Chemnitz to Riesa, 36 m. S. E. of Leipsic; pop. in 1871, 10,078. It has a high school, two churches, a hospital, and manufactories of cloth, leather, brassware, and hats. It is also the centre of a considerable trade in cattle and grain, and has three annual fairs. The town is well built, on an island formed by the Mulde and Muhlgraben.

Dobrodja

See Dobrudja.

Doctrinaires, A French Constitutionalist Party

A French Constitutionalist Party Doctrinaires, which originated after the restoration of the Bourbons, and represented the interests of liberalism and progress, as opposed to the ultra royalists, in the executive government and legislature. Royer-Collard, the duke de Broglie, and Guizot were its foremost leaders. They were called doctrinaires because they insisted that the state should be administered in accordance with rational doctrines and demonstrable political utility, rather than with party formulas or the passion of the hour. After the revolution of July, 1830, when they came into power, they assumed a conservative position in antagonism with the republicans and radicals. After February, 1848, the doctrinaires were no more heard of.

Doddridge,

Doddridge, a N. W. county of West Virginia, drained by Hughes river; area, about 300 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,076, of whom 35 were colored. The land is mostly hilly and adapted to pasturage. The Parkersburg division of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad crosses it. The chief productions in 1870 were 15,-879 bushels of wheat, 113,064 of Indian corn, 18,723 of oats, 14,167 of potatoes, 4,649 tons of hay, and 113,649 lbs. of butter. There were 1,815 horses, 1,987 milch cows, 2,782 other cattle, 7,183 sheep, and 3,904 swine. Capital, West Union.

Dodona,

Dodona, an ancient city of Epirus, in N. Greece, celebrated as the seat of the most ancient oracle of Greece, which ranked with those of Delphi and Ammonium. It is the only place of great celebrity in Greece of which the situation is not exactly known; no vestige of it can be discovered. Leake conjectures that its site was at the S. end of Lake Janina (anc. Pambotis); others place it near the source of the Oropus. Before the erection of the temple, which was dedicated to Jupiter, the mysterious sayings of the deity were uttered from the whispering branches of a large oak tree; and the old poets ascribed to the oak grove at Dodona the power of speech. The temple was destroyed by the AEtolians under Dorimachus, 219 B. C, but it was rebuilt, and is mentioned by Pausanias as standing in the 2d century of our era. A town of this name existed as late as the 6th century. According to Lucretius, the fountain near the temple at Dodona was inflammable.

Dog Days

Dog Days (Lat. dies caniculares), among the ancients, the period of greatest heat in summer, so named because in the latitudes of the Mediterranean this period nearly corresponded with that in which the dog star rose at the same time with the sun. To this conjunction all antiquity, and all the later followers of judicial astrology, ascribed a malignant influence. The heliacal rising of the dog star is a very indefinite phenomenon; its precise dates cannot be determined, and owing to the precession of the equinoxes it does not now occur till about Aug. 10, when the greatest heat of the season is often over. So uncertain is the time that the ancients indiscriminately ascribe the evil influence to Sirius and Procyon (the largest stars respectively of Canis Major and Minor), though there is several days' difference in their heliacal risings. The modern almanac makers sometimes reckon the dog days from July 24 to Aug. 24, and sometimes from July 3 to Aug. 11.