Domingo Fernandez Navarrete, a Spanish missionary, born at Penafiel in 1610, died in Santo Domingo in December, 1689. He joined the Dominican order, and in 1647 was sent to the Philippine islands, and became professor of theology at Manila. Visiting China, he penetrated into the interior of the empire, and was for some years superior of his order there; but during a persecution he was apprehended and sent to Canton, whence he escaped to Macao, took ship for Europe, and reached home in 1673. In the same year he went to Rome, and protested to the pope against the policy of the Jesuit missionaries in China, whom he accused of accommodating themselves to the ceremonies of the natives. In 1678 he was appointed archbishop of Santo Domingo, He published Tratados historicos, politicos, ethicos y religiosos de la monarqu'ta de China (fob, Madrid, 1676). A second volume of this work was suppressed by the inquisition, and a third was written but never printed.
Domingo Juarros, a Central American ecclesiastic, died about 1820. He was synodal examiner to the archbishop of Guatemala, and wrote Compendia de la historia de la ciudad de Guatemala, in six books (Guatemala, 1800-'18). It embraces accounts of Guatemala, San Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica.
See Santo Domingo.
Dominique Francois Bourgeois, a French inventor, born in 1698, died in Paris in 1781. He first exhibited his mechanical talent while employed in a locksmith's shop in Paris. Having claimed the invention of the celebrated automaton duck of Yaucanson, he was indicted as an impostor and imprisoned over two years. In 1744 he invented a lantern which received the approval of the academy of sciences, and established a manufactory in which he was ruined by his partners. The academy having in 1766 granted him a prize for the best mode of lighting a town, the city of Paris gave him a monopoly for 20 years; but he was again defrauded by his associates, and died destitute. Catharine II. of Russia employed him in the construction of a lighthouse at St. Petersburg. Pere Joly published under the name of Bourgeois two Memoires sur les lanternes d reverbere (Paris, 1764).
Domremy, Or Domremy La Pucelle, a village of Lorraine, France, on the Meuse, in the department of Vosges, 7 m. N. of Neufchateau, the birthplace of Joan of Arc. The cottage in which she was born had become a stable, but was repaired in 1820 at the expense of the government, and a free school for girls connected with it. A chapel has also been dedicated to her, and a monument raised in her honor, to which Louis Philippe contributed in 1843 a cast of the statue of the maid of Orleans executed by his daughter Princess Marie.
Don (Lat. dominus, lord or master), a title of honor among the Spaniards, the feminine form being dona, and the corresponding title among the Portuguese being dom. It is used even by the king and the royal princes, and was formerly assumed by the nobility only with the consent of the sovereign, but is now merely a title of respect used by all classes. Dom is also sometimes employed in France as a clerical title. The old English form of the word is dan, frequently used by Chaucer.