Dove, a river of England, rising on Axe Edge hill, near Buxton, in the N. W. part of Derbyshire, flowing S. and S. E. for about 40 m., and emptying into the Trent a short distance below Burton. For almost its entire course it forms the boundary between Derbyshire and Staffordshire. It is remarkable for the clearness of its water and the picturesque-ness of its banks, especially in that part of its valley known as Dove Dale, where, near Ashbourne, it flows through a gorge of great beauty. The Dove frequently overflows, but generally with beneficial results to the land along its course. It is celebrated as a fishing stream, especially by Izaak Walton.
Dover's Powder, a preparation of ipecacuanha and opium, each a drachm, and of sulphate of potassa an ounce, rubbed together into a very fine powder. Though called by the name of Dr. Dover, it differs from that originally recommended by him, which contained also nitrate of potash and licorice. It is admirably adapted for promoting perspiration, and possesses at the same time the properties of an anodyne. It is given after depletion, in cases requiring profuse diaphoresis, and is particularly used in dysentery, diarrhoea, and affections of the liver and of the bowels.
Dovrefield (Dan. Dovre Fjeld), a mountain range of Norway, extending from the termination of the Langfield range, near lat. 62° N., to the beginning of the Kiolen range, about lat. 63°. Sneehaetten, its principal peak, lat. 62° 20' N., Ion. 9° 20' E., is one of the highest mountains of the Scandinavian peninsula (7,562 ft.), and its summit is always covered with snow. Four passes cross the Dovrefield range, the most frequented being on the E. side of the Sneehaetten, on the road between Christiania and Drontheim. These mountains are granitic in character. In some of the highest gneiss predominates; in others mica schist. Red porphyry is found, which at a certain depth has the characteristics of syenite. Among the metals produced are iron, copper, and silver.
Dowletabad, Or Deoghir(the fortunate city), a town and fortress of Hyderabad, Hindostan, about 7 m. N. W. of Aurungabad. The fortress is on a hill 500 ft. high, about 150 ft. of which is nearly perpendicular. The entrance is by a narrow passage cut through the rock. Notwithstanding its natural strength, the fortress has been taken several times, and has belonged to various masters. Near the town are the remarkable cave temples of Ellora.
Downpatrick, a maritime town and parliamentary borough of Ireland, capital of county Down, situated a short distance from the mouth of the Quoyle in Lough Strangford, 21 m. S. S. E. of Belfast, with which it is connected by rail; pop. in 1871, 4,154. It is divided into English, Irish, and Scotch quarters, has a cathedral and the diocesan school of the Anglican diocese of Down, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, and Methodist places of worship, a county court house, prison, infirmary, and fever hospital. Near the town is a new lunatic asylum. A small export trade is carried on by means of vessels of 100 tons from Lough Strangford. It has manufactures of leather, linen, soap, and beer. The four holy wells of St. Patrick, to which pilgrims resort from all parts of Ireland, are near the town. Downpatrick is said to be the oldest city of Ireland, and was the chief residence of St. Patrick.