Doxology (Gr. glory, and to ascribe), in general, an ascription celebrating the grandeur and majesty of God. In the Ro-man Catholic church it is applied particularly to the angelic hymn or canticle of praise which is sung in celebrating the mass, and is otherwise called the Gloria in excelsis. This is also styled the greater doxology, to distinguish it from the lesser, or Gloria Patri, which is usually sung after the chanting or recitation of a psalm. Both doxologies are traced to the earliest periods of the church, and, though slightly and temporarily modified during the prevalence of some heresies, have not been permanently changed. They both have a place in the liturgy of the Anglican church, and are of common use in the service of other branches of Protestantism.
Drachma, a measure both of weight and value among the ancient Greeks. In either case it was composed of 6 oboli, and was the 1/100 part of the mina, and the 1/6000 Part of the Attic talent. The drachma was the principal silver coin of the Greeks, and its value was from 15.20 to 17.05 cents. The drachma or drachm mentioned by Jewish writers was the Greek coin, which became current among the Jews in the latest period of their national existence.
Athenian Drachma (exact size).
Dracut, a town of Middlesex co., Mass., on the N. bank of Merrimack river, opposite Lowell, with which it is connected by two bridges; pop. in 1870, 2,078. It borders on New Hampshire, and is traversed by Beaver river, which supplies it with water power. It is mainly an agricultural town, but contains two woollen mills, one of which has 19 sets of cards, 82 looms, and a capital of $500,000. There is also a paper mill.
Dragoman, an oriental word signifying interpreter. It is applied, in the Ottoman empire and the courts of the further East and of Barbary, to men who know several languages, and act as interpreters between foreigners and the natives. What was formerly a necessity for commercial relations, has since become so for purposes of diplomacy. At Constantinople the office of prime dragoman, through whom the sultan receives the communications of Christian ambassadors, is one of the most important of the Sublime Porte. • Dragomans are also attached to each of the foreign legations at oriental courts, and as such they enjoy the privileges of diplomatic officers. The French government trains a number of young men to fill these positions.
Dragon's Blood, a resinous substance obtained from the fruits of several small palms in the East Indies, from the trunk of dracoema draco, a large tree growing in the Canary Islands and Azores, and from pterocarpus draco, a tree of the West Indies and South America. It occurs in oval masses, sticks, and disks. It is inodorous and tasteless, insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol, ether, and the volatile and fixed oils, with which it forms red solutions. It was formerly employed in medicine as an astringent, but is nearly or quite inert. It is sometimes used to impart color to plasters, but is valued chiefly as an ingredient of paints and varnishes.