Dunnottar, a parish of Kincardineshire, Scotland, on the shore of the North sea, noted for its castle, S. of Stonehaven, now in ruins, which stands on the summit of a perpendicular cliff", 160 ft. high, projecting into the sea, with a deep chasm between it and the mainland; it is approached only by a steep winding path. Sir William Wallace captured it in 1297, at which period it was regarded as one of the strongest places in the kingdom; and the privy council selected it during the wars of the commonwealth as the depository of the regalia of Scotland. It was defended long after every other fortress in Britain had passed into the hands of the protector, but was finally forced to surrender. In 1685 Dunnottar castle became the prison of many of the Covenanters.- After the rebellion of 1715 it was dismantled.
See Duns Scotus.
Dunstable, a town and parish of Bedfordshire, England, 29 m. N. W. of London, on the Great Northern railway; pop. in 1871, 4,558. The parish church is part of a celebrated priory founded in 1131 by Henry I. The town is the principal seat of the British straw plait manufacture.
Duodecimal, proceeding by twelves, a term properly applied to an arithmetical scale using 11 digits and a cipher, which has been zealously advocated as an improvement upon ordinary decimal arithmetic. Thus if we use for ten, and g for eleven, the number 275 may be written 531. But the term duodecimal is also given to the system of compound numbers sometimes used by artificers in calculating surfaces and solidities from measures taken in feet and inches. Duodecimals in the second sense are considered by most mathematicians as worthless, and in the first sense as not having sufficient superiority over decimals to counterbalance the inconvenience of making a change.
Duplin, a S. E. county of North Carolina, watered by the north branch of Cape Fear river; area, 670 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,542, of whom 6,766 were colored. It has a level surface; the soil is generally sandy, but there are fertile tracts in the valleys of the streams. The Wilmington and Weldon railroad intersects it. The county contains several pitch-pine forests. The chief productions in 1870 were 291,633 bushels of Indian corn, 135,581 of sweet potatoes, 1,785 bales of cotton, and 155,599 lbs. of rice. There were 1,176 horses, 3,100 milch cows, 5,620 other cattle, 5,698 sheep, and 20,767 swine; 5 flour mills, 2 saw mills, and 7 manufactories of tar and turpentine. Capital, Kenansville.
Duram, Or Durao, Joze De Santa Rita, a Brazilian poet, born near Mariana, province of Minas Geraes, in 1737, died in Lisbon in 1783. He became an Augustinian monk after graduating as doctor of divinity at the university of Coimbra, and was professor of theology there from 1771 till his death. His chief work is a poem founded on the story of the Galician adventurer Diogo Alvarez Correa, surnamed Caramuru, the legendary hero of Bahia, which was published at Lisbon in 1781, under the title of Caramuru, poema epico do descobrimen-to da Bahia, and a French version appeared at Paris in 1829. The poem has gradually risen to the rank of a national epic in Brazil. Duram wrote other poems and prose works.