Edgefield, a W. county of South Carolina, separated from Georgia by the Savannah river, and bounded N. by the Saluda; area, 1,540 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 42,486, of whom 25,417 were colored. It has a fertile soil and a moderately hilly surface. Water power is abundant, and there are numerous mills and factories. The Savannah river is navigable for steamboats to the S. part of the district, and by small boats a still greater distance. It is traversed by the South Carolina, the Charlotte, Columbia, and Augusta, and the Greenville and Columbia railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 43,157 bushels of wheat, 412,259 of Indian corn, 77,370 of oats, 29,896 of sweet potatoes, and 17,553 bales of cotton. There were 3,134 horses, 3,459 mules and asses, 6,596 milch cows, 8,579 other cattle, 6,985 sheep, and 20,352 swine; 3 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 1 of cotton goods, 1 of printing paper, 1 of bricks, and 10 saw mills. Capital, Edgefield Court House.
Edgehill, a high ridge in Warwickshire, England, 12 m. S. S. E. of Warwick, noted as the scene of the first battle between Charles I. and the parliamentary forces, Oct. 23, 1642. On the side of the hill is cut the colossal figure of a horse, whence a vallay below has been named the Vale of Red Horse.
Edisto, a river of South Carolina, formed by the union of the N. and the S. Edisto, the former rising in the W. part of Lexington county, and the latter in Edgefield. They unite a few miles W. of Branchville, whence the course of the main stream is S. E. and S. It enters the Atlantic by two channels, between which lies Edisto island, about 20 m. S. W. of Charleston. It is navigable 100 m. from the sea.
Edme Bouchardon, a French sculptor, born May 29,1698, died in Paris, July 27,1762. He was the son of an architect and sculptor, studied in Paris, obtained a prize in 1723, and spent ten years in Rome, where he executed busts of Clement XI. and other great personages. The king recalled him to Paris, where he successively became designer to the academy of fine arts, member of the academy, and professor. Among his principal works are a fountain in the rue de Grenelle, which still exists, and his bronze equestrian statue of Louis XV., which was destroyed in 1792. The museum of modern statuary in the Louvre contains a cabinet which bears his name, and his statues of Amor and of Christ. Caylus wrote his life (Paris, 1762), and Bardon, Anecdotes sur la mort de Bouchardon (1764).
Edmnnd Borlace, an English historian, a physician by profession, died at Chester about 1682. His father, Sir John Borlace, was one of the lords justices of Ireland, and he was educated at Dublin and Leyden. He practised his profession at Chester, and wrote among other works "The Reduction of Ireland to the Crown of England, with the Governors since the Conquest by Henry II. in 1172" (London, 1675), and " The History of the execrable Irish Rebellion, traced from many preceding acts to the grand Eruption, Oct. 23, 1641, and thence pursued to the Act of Settlement, 1661" (London, 1680).