Edmond Combes, a French traveller, born June 8, 1812, died in 1872. He was vice consul at Scala Nova, Asia Minor, and at Rabat, Morocco; explored the coasts of the Red sea, a portion of Arabia, Abyssinia, and E. Africa, where he was the first to ascertain the altitude of the mountains of the Moon; and in 1841 he travelled in Nubia and Egypt. With his companion, M. Tamisier, he published Voyage en Abyssinie, dans les pays des Gallas, de Choa et d'lfat, precede d'une excursion dans l'Arabic Heureuse (4 vols., Paris, 1837-'8).
Edmond Lebceuf, a French general, born in Paris, Dec. 6,1809. He served in Algeria and in the Crimea, distinguished himself at the battle of the Alma, and was made brigadier general. In 1857 he became general of division, and in 1859 bore a prominent part in the battle of Solferino. In August, 1869, he succeeded Niel as minister of war, but resigned two months afterward. He resumed the post in January, 1870, in the Ollivier ministry, was made marshal of France in March, and reported very favorably as to the fitness of the French army to engage in a war with Germany. On the day of the declaration of war (July 19) he was appointed chief of staff of the army of the Rhine, though retaining his portfolio. After the first disasters of the campaign he was removed from the ministry, and subsequently served under Bazaine at Metz. For some time he was a prisoner of war in Germany, and subsequently took up his residence at the Hague.
Edmond Malone, an Irish Shakespearian scholar, horn in Dublin, Oct. 4. 1741, died in London, May 25, 1812. He graduated at Trinity college. Dublin, and was called to the bar in 1767; but having inherited a considerable fortune, he removed to London, devoting himself to literary pursuits. In 1780 he published two supplementary volumes to Stee-vens's edition of Shakespeare, and in 1790 his own edition of the great dramatist appeared in 11 vols. 8vo. In 1796 he exposed the Shakespearian forgeries of Samuel Ireland. At his death he left a greatly improved edition of his Shakespeare, which was published in 1821, un-der the supervision of James Boswell, in 21 vols. 8vo. He edited "The Prose Works of John Dryden, with a Memoir;" -The Works of William Gerald Hamilton, with a Sketch of his Life;" '• The Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds," and other works. - See "Life of Edmond Mabme," by Sir James Prior (London, 1860).
Edmond Modeste Eugene Le Poittevin, a French painter, whose real name is Poidevin, born in Paris in 1806. His "Reapers" (1826) was purchased by the duchess of Berry. Among his subsequent works are : "Van der Velde painting in the midst of a Battle," and "The Grave Digger and his Children " (1843); "Winter in Holland" (1845); " Shipwreck in the Polar Seas" (1867); "A Delicate Attention " (1868); and " The Potato Crop " (1869).
Edmondson, a central county of Kentucky, drained by Green river and Bear creek; area, 225 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,459, of whom 226 were colored. The surface is hilly or moderately uneven; the soil is fertile and suitable for grass and grain. Coal is abundant, and a considerable portion of the county is occupied by beds of cavernous limestone. The famous Mammoth cave is situated here. The Louisville and Nashville railroad passes through the S. E. part. The chief productions in 1870 were 11,098 bushels of wheat, 172,998 of Indian corn, 23,684 of oats, and 414,940 lbs. of tobacco. There were 1,602 horses, 1,246 milch cows, 2,246 other cattle, 6,852 sheep, and 11,892 swine. Capital, Brownsville.