Edmund I,a king of the Anglo-Saxons, son of Edward the Elder, and successor of Athel-stan, born about 922, ascended the throne Oct. 27, 941, and died May 26, 946. Immediately after his accession Aulaf, the Northumbrian prince, invaded Mercia, and was victorious at Tam worth and Leicester. Edmund concluded a peace with him, surrendering all England north of Watling street. Aulaf died the following year, and Edmund recovered Northumbria, and subsequently conquered Cumbria, and conferred it on Malcolm, king of Scotland, on condition that he should do homage for it, and protect the north from all future incursions of the Danes. As Edmund was celebrating a festival in Gloucestershire, he perceived Leolf, a noted outlaw whom he had sentenced to banishment, enter the hall and seat himself at the royal table. Edmund turned to seize the ruffian, who stabbed him fatally in the breast. He was succeeded by his brother Edred.
Edmund Plowden, an English lawyer, born about 1517, died in 1584. He studied at Cambridge and Oxford, and in 1552 was admitted to the practice of physic and surgery. He then studied the common law, according to Wood; but Plowden in the preface to his "Commentaries " says that he began the study of the law in the 20th year of his age. He was made sergeant at law under Queen Mary, and in 1557 and 1560 he was reader or lecturer of the Middle Temple. He wrote " Commentaries or Reports of Divers Cases in the Reigns of Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth" (London, 1571, 1578, 1599, 1613, and 1684), written in Norman French, and " Queries, or a Moot Book of Cases, translated, methodized, and enlarged" (8vo, 1662). An English translation of the "Commentaries" appeared in 1761, and was reprinted in 1816 (2 vols. 8vo). His works are regarded as the most accurate and authoritative of the old reports.
Edmund Randolph, an American statesman, son of John and nephew of Peyton Randolph, born in Virginia, Aug. 10, 1753, died in Frederick co., Va., Sept. 12, 1813. He is said to have been disinherited by his father, who was an intense royalist. In 1775 he served on the staff of Washington. He was a delegate to the Virginia convention in May, 1776, and from 1779 to 1783 he was a member of the continental congress. In 1787 he was a member of the constitutional convention, and introduced what was called the "Virginia plan." He refused to sign the constitution, though he afterward advocated its adoption in the Virginia convention. In 1788 he was governor of Virginia, and in 1789 was appointed attorney general of the United States. In January, 1794, he succeeded Jefferson as secretary of state; but having been accused of an intrigue with the French envoy, he resigned in August, 1795. He published "A Vindication " (Philadelphia, 1795).
Ednard Bendemam, a German painter, of the Dusseldorf school, born in Berlin, Dec. 3, 1811. He is the son of a Jewish banker, and was a pupil of Schadow, who had a very great influence upon his style, and led him to adopt many characteristics exhibited in nearly all his paintings. Bendemann was only 21 years of age when his first great picture, " The Mourning Jews," acquired for him a lasting celebrity. In 1838 he was made professor at the academy of art in Dresden. He was also chosen to decorate with frescoes the principal rooms of the royal palace there; and the paintings he executed are among the best of his works. In 1859 he was made director of the academy at Diisseldorf, which position he still holds (1873). He has produced a very great number of remarkable and celebrated works, besides the frescoes with which he has decorated public buildings in Germany.