Edward Bancroft, an English naturalist and physician, died in 1821. He resided long in America, where he was intimately associated with Franklin and Priestley. He wrote an "Essay on the Natural History of Guiana" (London, 1769), which contained much information at that time new, particularly an account of the woorali, or vegetable substance employed by the Indians to poison their arrows. He also published "Experimental Researches concerning Permanent Colors, and the Best Means of Procuring them" (2 vols. 8vo, 2d ed., London, 1813), which was translated into German.
Edward Bird, an English painter, born in Wolverhampton, April 12, 1772, died in Bristol, Nov. 2, 1819. He was the son of a carpenter, and after serving an apprenticeship to a painter and japanner, opened a drawing school at Bristol. He succeeded best with domestic and general subjects.
Edward Braddock, a British general, born in Perthshire about 1715, died near Pittsburgh, Penn., July 13, 1755. Having served with distinction in Spain, Portugal, and Germany, he was in 1755 sent to take charge of the war against the French in America. He set out soon after his arrival on an expedition against Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh). Although unacquainted with Indian warfare, he disregarded the suggestions of Col. Washington, acting as his aide-camp, fell into an ambush of French and Indians near that fort, July 9,1755, was defeated and mortally wounded, and died after a hasty retreat of 40 miles.
Edward Burnett Tylok, an English author, born in London, Oct. 2, 1832. He was educated at the school of the society of Friends, Grove house, Tottenham, and in 1871 was elected a member of the royal society. He has published "Anahuac, or Mexico and the Mexicans, Ancient and Modern" (London, 1861); " Researches into the Early History of Mankind, and Development of Civilization" (1865); and " Primitive Culture: Researches into the Development of Mythology, Philosophy, Religion, Art, and Custom" (2 vols., 1871).
Edward Capell, an English Shakespearian commentator and critic, born at Troston, Suffolk, in 1713, died in London, Feb. 24, 1781. Under the patronage of the duke of Grafton, he became deputy inspector of plays, an office which left him leisure for his Shakespearian studies. He published " Prolusions, or Select Pieces of Ancient Poetry " (1760); "Mr. William Shakespeare, his Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies," etc. (10 vols. 8vo, 1767); and " Notes and Various Readings of Shakespeare " (4to, 1775). "The School of Shakespeare " (3 vols. 4to, 1783) was issued two years after the author's decease.
Edward Cocker, an English arithmetician, born about 1632, died about 1675. He was long supposed to be the author of the celebrated arithmetical work called by his name, but an attempt has been made to transfer its authorship to another. Cocker was an engraver as well as a teacher of writing and arithmetic. He is said to have published 14 books of exercises in penmanship, some of which were engraved on silver plates. He excelled as a calligrapher, and Evelyn asserts that his style rivalled that of the Italians.