Edwin Croswell, an American journalist and politician, born at Catskill, N. Y., May 29, 1797, died in Princeton, N. J., June 13, 1871. After acting for some time as assistant editor of the "Catskill Recorder," a journal established in 1790 by his father and uncles, he succeeded Judge Cantine in 1823 as editor of the "Albany Argus," which he converted from a semi-weekly into a daily journal, making it one of the chief organs of the democratic party. He was also state printer till 1840, and again from 1844 to 1847. He continued to conduct the "Argus" till 1854, when he retired from journalism and politics to engage in managing a line of ocean steamers. His ability and his influence were universally recognized.
Edwin Hamilton Davis, an American physician and archaeologist, born in Ross co., Ohio, Jan. 22, 1811. From 1829 to 1833, while a student of Kenyon college, Ohio, he explored the mounds of that vicinity, and read a paper on the subject before the philomathesian society, afterward enlarged and read at the commencement of 1833. The suggestions of Daniel Webster, then making a tour of the West, stimulated him to continue these researches. Their results during 15 years are embodied in " Monuments of the Mississippi Valley," which forms vol. i. of. the " Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge." He received his medical degree at Cincinnati in 1837, after which he practised in Chillicothe until 1850, when he was called to fill the chair of materia med-ica and therapeutics in the New York medical college. He is the author of a "Report on the Statistics of Calculous Diseases, in Ohio " (1850), and has been an occasional contributor to some of the scientific and medical journals.
Edwin Lankester, an English physician, born at Melton, April 23, 1814. He studied in London, graduated at Heidelberg in 1839, and was lecturer and professor at prominent institutions from 1843 to 1862, when he became coroner for central Middlesex. His works, besides numerous contributions to scientific periodicals and cyclopaedias, include " Vegetable Physiologv" (1868), "A School Manual of Health" (1869), and "What shall we Teach? or Physiology in Schools" (1870). He edited in 1866 the "Journal of Social Science."
Edwin Percy Whipple, an American author, born in Gloucester, Mass., March 8, 1819. At the age of 15 he became clerk in a bank in Salem, and at 18 entered a banking house in Boston, of which he rose to the chief clerkship; and he was superintendent of the reading room of the merchants' exchange from its foundation till 1860. In 1840 he delivered a humorous poem before the mercantile library association of Boston, and in 1850 a fourth of July oration before the city authorities, on " Washington and the Principles of the American Revolution."' He has published "Essays and Reviews" (2 vols., 1848); "Lectures on Subjects connected with Literature and Life " (1849); a life of Macaulay, prefixed to an edition of his essays (1860); "Character and Characteristic Men" (1867); and "The Literature of the Age of Elizabeth," a course of lectures delivered in 1859 before the Lowell institute (1869).