Elias Georges Soulange Oliva Regnault, a French historian, born in London, April 22, 1801, died in Paris, Jan. 4, 1868. The son of a French physician, he studied law in Paris, and became an advocate. In 1848 he was a prominent ofiicial in the ministry of the interior, and subsequently in that of finance. He published histories of Ireland and England; Histoire de Napoléon (4 vols. 18mo, 1846-'7); Histoire de huit ans (3 vols., 1851-'4), as a continuation of the Histoire de dix ans by Louis Blanc, who however disputed its character as such; a history of the Danubian principalities, etc. He also translated works of Bentham and Wordsworth, and in conjunction with others Carlyle's "History of the French Revolution" (3 vols., 1866-7).
Elias Lonnrot, a Finnish philologist, born at Sammati, in the district of Helsingfors, April 9, 1802. He was the son of a tailor and learned his father's trade. After studying for a few months at the gymnasium of Borgo, he entered a druggist's shop in 1820, and in 1822 he was admitted to the university of Abo. He took the degree of M. D. in 1832, and was appointed a district physician. In 1853 he succeeded Castren as professor of Finnish literature in the university of Helsingfors, a post which he still held in 1873. His literary labor has been mainly devoted to the collection of the songs and legends of Finland. (See Finland, vol. vii., p. 203.)
Elie De Beaumont. See Elie De Beaumont.
Elihu Vedder, an American artist, born in New York in February, 1836. He studied under Matteson, spent several years in Italy, and afterward opened a studio in New York and devoted himself to genre painting. He subsequently returned' to Europe, and now (187G) resides in Rome. Among his best pictures are "The Lair of the Sea Serpent," "The Arab Listening to the Sphinx," "St. Simeon Stylites on his Pillar," and "The Monk upon the Gloomy Path".
Elijah Parish, an American author, born at Lebanon, Conn., Nov. 7, 1762, died at Byfield, Mass., Oct. 15, 1825. He graduated at Dartmouth college in 1785, studied theology, and in December, 1787, settled as pastor of the Congregational church at Byfield. He belonged to the party called in his day the Hopkinsian. In 1810 he preached the annual election sermon, in which he so bitterly inveighed against the policy of the government, that the legislature refused to ask it for publication; it had nevertheless a large circulation. He published a " Gazetteer of the Eastern and Western Continents," in conjunction with the Rev. Dr. Morse (1802); a " History of New England" (1809); "System of Modern Geography " (1810); "Memoir of the Rev. Dr. Elea-zar Wheelock, Eirst President of Dartmouth College," in conjunction with the Rev. Daniel McClure (1811); and "Sacred Geography, or Gazetteer of the Bible " (1813). A volume of his sermons, with a memoir, appeared in 1826.