Eliot Bartholomew George Warbirton, a British author, born at Aughrim, county Galway, in 1810, lost in the steamer Amazon, burned off Land's End, Jan. 4, 1852. He was educated at Cambridge, and was called to the Irish bar, but devoted himself to the improvement of his estates, and to travel and literature. He wrote "The Crescent and the Cross, or Romance and Realities of Eastern Travel" (1845); "Hochelaga, or England in the New World " (1846); "Memoirs of Prince Rupert and the Cavaliers" (3 vols., 1849); "Reginald Hastings," a romance of the same period (1850); "The Conquest of Canada" (2 vols., 1849); "Memoirs of Horace Walpole and his Contemporaries" (2 vols., 1851); " Darien, or the Merchant Prince" (1852); and "Memoir of Charles Mordaunt, Earl of Peterborough " (3 vols., 1853).
Elisabethgrad, Or Yelisavetgrad, a fortified town of South Russia, in the government and 130 m. N. of the city of Kherson, on the river Ingul; pap. in 1867, 31,968. It is hexagonal in shape, fortified and well built, is the headquarters of the military colonies E. of the Bug, contains a large hospital and five churches, has considerable trade, and the principal annual fair in the government. It was founded in 1754, and named after the empress Elizabeth.
Elisabethpol. I. A Government Of Asiatic Russia, in the division of Transcaucasia, bordering on the governments of Tiflis, Baku, and Erivan, and bounded S. by Persia; area, 17,038 sq. m.; pop. in 1867, 503,282. The western portion is mountainous; the eastern is more level. The principal river is the Kur. II. A town, capital of the government, on an affluent of the Kur, 90 m. S. E. of Tiflis; pop. in 1867, 14,971. It has several churches and mosques, and considerable trade in fruit. Its original name was Gansha. Here Paskevitch defeated the Persians, Sept. 25, 1826.
Elise Polko, a German novelist, born in Minden, "Westphalia, Jan. 31,1823. She is the daughter of the educator Johann Karl Chris-toph Vogel, and a sister of the African traveller Eduard Vogel, whose biography she published in 1863. She established her reputation by Musikalische Marchen (Leipsic, 1852; new series, 1859-'71). Among her subsequent works are: Ein Frauenleben (1854); Sabbat-feier (1858); Aus der Kunstlerwelt (1858-'63); Faustina Masse (1860; new ed., 1870); Neue Novellen (14 vols., 1861-'73); Die Bettleroper (1864); Schone Frauen (1865-9); Erinnerun-gen an Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1868; English translation by Lady Wallace, London, 1869); Eine deutsche Fiirstin, Pauline zur Lippe (1870); Plaudereien (1872-3); and Aus dem Jahre 1870 (1873).
Elixir, a word probably of Arabic origin, applied in old pharmacy to certain extracts obtained by boiling; as elixir of vitriol, a mixture of sulphuric acid with some aromatic tincture. In modern pharmacy the name is retained for various tinctures made up of several ingredients. The alchemists applied it to a number of solutions which they employed in the transmutation of metals, and to the elixir vitoe, a preparation which when discovered was to endow the person taking it with immortality.