Elohim, one of the Hebrew names of the Deity, the plural of Eloah. The name is also applied to angels, princes, judges, great men, and even to false gods.


Elvas, a fortified frontier city of Portugal, in the province of Alemtejo, 105 m. E. of Lisbon, and 10 m. W. of Badajoz, Spain, on a hill near the bank of the Guadiana; pop. about 10,000. It became a city in 1513, and was created a bishopric by Pius V. in 1570. It is an important stronghold, having an arsenal, and spacious bomb-proof barracks for 7,000 men. The fort of Lippe on a neighboring hill is considered impregnable. The town itself is poorly built, and many of the venerable Moorish buildings which line its streets are crumbling to pieces. It has a cathedral, college, seminary, theatre, several churches and convents, and manufactories of arms and jewelry. It is supplied with water from a distance of three miles, by means of a fine Moorish aqueduct. During the peninsular war it was a place of great importance; and in March, 1808, it was taken by the French under Junot, and held till the convention of Cintra in August, 1808.


Elymais, a province of ancient Elam, between the river Eulaeus and the Persian gulf. The notices of it in classical writers are very confused; but it was more probably a district of Elam than an independent territory S. of it, or merely a town. The books of Maccabees and Tobias name it as a city of Persia, to which Antiochus Epiphanes laid siege; but not one of the ancient writers who speak of this expedition mentions the place. Elymais is often used as equivalent to Elam. (See Elam.)

Elzear Alexandre Taschereau

Elzear Alexandre Taschereau, a Canadian archbishop, born in Quebec in 1818. He studied in the seminary of Quebec, was ordained priest in 1842, and became successively professor of mental philosophy there, director of studies, and superior. In 1856 he received in Rome the degree of doctor in canon law, and was appointed to teach that science in the Laval university. In 1870 he governed the diocese of Quebec as administrator, after the death of Archbishop Baillargeou, and he was consecrated as his successor, March 19, 1871.

Emanuel Emmanuel, Or Immanuel

Emanuel Emmanuel, Or Immanuel, a Hebrew word signifying "God with us." It is used by Isaiah in a prophecy which according to Matthew was accomplished in Jesus Christ, who is thus divinely recognized as the predicted Messiah, the true Immanuel, or "God with us."

Ember Days

Ember Days, certain days in each of the four seasons set apart by the church for fasting, prayer, and the conferring of holy orders. They are the "Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday immediately following the first Sunday in Lent, the feast of Pentecost, the 14th of September, and the 13th of December. The weeks in which these fasts occur are called ember weeks. The name is probably derived from the Saxon ymbren, a circuit, i. e., the circular days. Among the English Catholics the term "quarter tenses" is still applied to these quarterly fasts. The French call them jeune des quatre temps, and the Roman ritual jejunia quatuor temporum. Some writers have supposed the name to be taken from the ancient custom of using ashes or embers in connection with fasting. The custom of fasting on these days is traced back as far as the 3d century; and a decree of the council of Piacenza, in 1095, fixed the time for them as now observed.