Emil Wolff, a German sculptor, born in Berlin, March 2, 1802. He studied under his uncle Gottfried Schadow, and at Rome, where his mythological and genre statues made him prominent. His most popular work in Germany represents a young fisherman of remarkable beauty. His finest busts are those of Thorwaldsen, Niebuhr, Bunsen, and the English royal family. He became a professor in the academy of fine arts in Berlin.
Emile Blanchard, a French naturalist, born in Paris, March 6, 1820. He studied zoology, anatomy, physiology, and entomology, was early connected with the museum of natural history, and classified its entomological collection (2 vols., 1850-'51). Since 1862 he has been professor and curator of that institution. He succeeded Isidore Geoffroy-Saint-Hilaire as a member of the academy of sciences in 1861, and has contributed many valuable papers to its annals. His principal works include Re-cherches sur l'organisation des vers (Paris, 1837); Histoire des insectes, traitant de fours moeurs et de fours metamorphoses en general, etc. (2 vols., 1843-'5; English translation by Duncan, "Transformation of Insects," London, 1870); La zoologie agricole (4to, with illustrations, 1854 et seq.); and Organisation du regne animal (36 numbers, 4to, 1861-'4).
Emile Gigault De La Bedolliere, a French author, born in Paris, May 24, 1814. He has been extensively connected with journalism, was one of the founders of the Univers illustre, and from 1850 one of the editors of the Siecle, and in 1869 assisted in founding the new National. He has written histories of the French campaigns from 1792 to 1815, the Crimean war, the British war in India, the Italian war of 1859, the Mexican war, and the German and Italian war of 1866. His miscellaneous writings comprise almost every variety of literature, including Histoire des mceurs et de la vie privee des Francais (3 vols., 1847-'9), La France et la Prusse (1867), and translations of "Uncle Tom's Cabin," Hildreth's "White Slave," and various novels of Scott, Cooper, Dickens, Mar-ryat, and Mayne Reid, and other works.
Emile Levy, a French painter, born in Paris, Aug. 29, 1826. He studied under Abel de Pujol and Picot, and in 1854 Avon at the school of fine arts the great Roman prize. At Rome he executed his " Noah cursing Canaan," which was purchased by the government in 1855. Among his subsequent works are: " The Repast of the Martyrs" and "Ruth and Naomi" (1859); " Bringing in the Hay " (1801); "Ver-cingetorix surrendering to Caesar" (1863); "Idyl" (1864); "Diana" (1865); "Death of Orpheus" (1866); "The Rainbow" (1868); "Music" (1869); and "Christ at the Sepulchre" (1873). He received the cross of the legion of honor in 1867.
Emile Montegut, a French author, born in Limoges, June 24, 1826.- He studied in Paris, and became known as a contributor to the Revue des Deux 31ondes, with which he was connected for many years. He was the first to familiarize the French with the writings of Emerson, some of whose essays he translated (1850). He also translated Macaulay's " History of England" (2 vols., 1853 et seq.) and Shakespeare's complete works (1868-70). Among his most recent writings are Les Pays-Bas, souvenirs de Flandre et de Hollande (1869), and Impressions de voyage et d'art, souvenirs en Bourgogne (1873).